Titanium

facet 22 of periodic table is Titanium with atomic number 22, atomic weight 47.867. Titanium, prize Ti, has a straightforward Hexagonal structure and Silver color. Titanium is a change metal element. Recognize everything about Titanium Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Titanium is a chemical facet with prize Ti and also atomic number 22. The is a lustrous change metal v a silver color, low density and also high strength. The is extremely resistant come corrosion in sea water, aqua regia and chlorine.

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Titanium Facts

Read an essential information and also facts around element Titanium

name Titanium
atomic Number 22
atomic Symbol Ti
Atomic load 47.867
step Solid
color Silver
Classification transition metal
group in routine Table 4
Group Name titanium family members
duration in regular Table 4
Block in periodic Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 3d2 4s2
Melting point 1668 °C
Boiling point 3287 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 10, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-32-6

neighborhood
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

discover our interactive routine table


How to locate Titanium on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number boosts from left come right. Regular table start at height left ( atomic number 1) and ends in ~ bottom right (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look for atomic number 22 to find Titanium on routine table.

Another way to read periodic table and also locate an element is through using team number (column) and duration number (row). To locate Titanium on periodic table look for cross section of team 4 and duration 4 in the contemporary periodic table.

discover Interactive routine Table come Understand and Learn Cool patterns

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Titanium with other elements

Titanium History

The aspect Titanium was discovered by william Gregor in year 1791 in united kingdom . Titanium derived its name from Titans, the young of the planet goddess the Greek mythology

Titanium Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Titanium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in universe 3e-06
variety in sunlight 4e-06
variety in Meteorites 0.00054
Abundance in Earth"s crust 0.0066
abundance in seas 1×10-7%
diversity in people N/A

Crystal framework of Titanium

The heavy state framework of Titanium is Simple Hexagonal.

The crystal structure can be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in three dimensional an are to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
295.08 295.08 468.55 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a referral lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are defined by the concept of an are groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of corpuscle in three-dimensional an are are defined by the 230 room groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group surname P63/mmc
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room Group Number 194
Crystal structure Simple Hexagonal

Titanium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Titanium atoms have 22 electrons and the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 10, 2> with Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F2.


atomic Number 22
Number of electrons (with no charge) 22
Number of Protons 22
Mass Number 48
Number that Neutrons 26
Shell structure (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 10, 2>
Electron construction 3d2 4s2
Valence Electrons 3d2 4s2
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3;4
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F2

Shell framework of Titanium - electrons per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration the Titanium - neutral Titanium atom

The ground state digital configuration the Neutral Titanium atom is 3d2 4s2. The section of Titanium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation deserve to become prolonged and so an abbreviation notation is used.This is necessary as that is the Valence electrons 3d2 4s2, electrons in the outermost shell that identify the chemical properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Titanium

Complete floor state digital configuration because that the Titanium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d2 4s2

Atomic framework of Titanium

Titanium atomic radius is 176 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 136 pm.

atomic Radius

176 pm (1.76 Å)

Atomic Volume 10.620590193 cm3
Covalent Radius 136 pm (1.36 Å)
valve der Waals Radius N/A
ghost Cross ar 6.1 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Titanium

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Titanium chemical Properties: Titanium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Titanium is 7.6 kJ/mol

Valence 4
Electronegativity 1.54
ElectronAffinity 7.6 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Titanium

Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Titanium

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 658.8
2 1309.8
3 2652.5
4 4174.6
5 9581
6 11533
7 13590
8 16440
9 18530
10 20833
11 25575
12 28125
13 76015
14 83280
15 90880
16 1.007×105
17 1.091×105
18 1.178×105
19 1.299×105
20 137530
21 602930

Titanium physics Properties

Refer to listed below table for Titanium physical Properties

thickness 4.507 g/cm3
Molar Volume 10.620590193 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 116 GPa
Shear Modulus 44 GPa
bulk Modulus 110 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.32

Hardness of Titanium - test to measure up of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 6 MPa
Vickers Hardness 970 MPa
Brinell Hardness 716 MPa

Titanium electric Properties

Titanium is Conductor that electricity. Refer to table below for the electrical properties that Titanium

electrical Conductivity 2.5×106 S/m
Resistivity 4×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting suggest 0.4

Titanium Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 22 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion 8.6×10-6 K-1

Titanium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Paramagnetic
Curie allude N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility 4.01×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 1.919×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 0.0001807

Optical properties of Titanium

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic properties of Titanium

rate of Sound 4140 m/s

Titanium heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for heat properties of Titanium

Melting point 1941 K (1668 °C)
Boiling allude 3560 K (3287 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting suggest 0.4

Enthalpies of Titanium

warm of blend 18.7 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 425 kJ/mol
warmth of combustion N/A

Titanium isotope - nuclear Properties the Titanium

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally developing Titanium has 5 secure isotope - 46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti, 50Ti.


Isotope Isotope mass % abundance T half Decay setting
38Ti
39Ti
40Ti
41Ti
42Ti
43Ti
44Ti
45Ti
46Ti 8.25% secure N/A
47Ti 7.44% secure N/A
48Ti 73.72% steady N/A
49Ti 5.41% stable N/A
50Ti 5.18% secure N/A
51Ti
52Ti
53Ti
54Ti
55Ti
56Ti
57Ti
58Ti
59Ti
60Ti
61Ti
62Ti
63Ti

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-32-6
RTECS Number N/A
period Hazard class 4.2
dot Numbers 2546
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA risks N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating 2
Autoignition allude 250 °C
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of unique identifiers to find the aspect in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7440-32-6
CID Number CID23963
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number N/A

Compare Titanium with all Group 4 elements

Titanium vs Zirconium Titanium vs Hafnium Titanium vs Rutherfordium

Compare Titanium v all transition metal elements

Titanium vs Scandium Titanium vs Vanadium Titanium vs Chromium Titanium vs Manganese Titanium vs iron Titanium vs Cobalt Titanium vs Nickel Titanium vs Copper Titanium vs Zinc Titanium vs Yttrium Titanium vs Zirconium Titanium vs Niobium Titanium vs Molybdenum Titanium vs Technetium Titanium vs Ruthenium Titanium vs Rhodium Titanium vs Palladium Titanium vs silver- Titanium vs Cadmium Titanium vs Hafnium Titanium vs Tantalum Titanium vs Tungsten Titanium vs Rhenium Titanium vs Osmium Titanium vs Iridium Titanium vs Platinum Titanium vs yellow Titanium vs Mercury Titanium vs Rutherfordium Titanium vs Dubnium Titanium vs Seaborgium Titanium vs Bohrium Titanium vs Hassium Titanium vs Meitnerium Titanium vs Darmstadtium Titanium vs Roentgenium Titanium vs Copernicium