Who is the most famous Daoist teacher?
Confucius4. Confucius was the most famous Daoist teacher and is credited with writing the basic text of Daoism, The Way and Its Power. 5. Peasants, or farmers with small farms, were at the bottom of the social order during the Zhou dynasty.
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What were the main ideas of Daoism quizlet?
The main ideas of Daoism stressed living in harmony with the Dao, the guiding force of all reality. In Daoist teachings, the Dao gave birth to the universe and all things in it. They wanted the government to stay out of people’s lives. They also believed that people should avoid interfering with nature or each other.
What might be some disadvantages of legalism quizlet?
What might be some disadvantages of legalism? too much government power. innocent people punished.
Why were sons more highly valued than daughters?
WHY WERE SONS MORE HIGHLY VALUED THAN DAUGHTERS? Sons would carry on the family lines & took care of parents when they were old. Daughters became part of their husband’s family.
Who opposed Confucian?
Confucius is said to have died in 479 BCE. His teachings are said to have been soon overshadowed by the rival teachings of Mozi (Master Mo), who has been described as born around 470 BCE. Like Confucius, Mozi was trained in classical literature.
Who was the most influential teacher in China?
By the second century B.C., during China’s first Han Dynasty, his ideas became the foundation of the state ideology. Today Confucius is widely considered one of the most influential teachers in Chinese history.
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What are the three main ideas of Daoism?
The most important of these concepts are (1) the continuity between nature and human beings, or the interaction between the world and human society; (2) the rhythm of constant flux and transformation in the universe and the return or reversion of all things to the Dao from which they emerged; and (3) the worship of …
What are 3 concepts of Daoism?
The chapter recognizes Daoism’s playful ambiguity and discusses the three concepts: Way (Dao), integrity (de), and non-action (wuwei).
What was the political order of the Zhou dynasty?
Describe the political order used by the Zhou kings to rule distant lands. The Zhou Dynasty was in the 1100s BC. The Zhou kings used the system described as the Book of Songs to rule distant lands. They granted land to others in return for loyalty, military support, and other services.
How did Zhou kings use Heaven to rule?
It is the idea that heaven gave kings the power to rule. Describe the political order used by the Zhou kings to rule distant lands. Kings granted land to lords for loyalty, military support, and other services. What happened when nobles began to reject the Zhou king’s authority?
Why did the decline of the Zhou weakened the Chinese family structure?
Why do you think the decline of the Zhou weakened the Chinese family structure? There was no strong government to stop power struggles within families. Why did Confucius believe that China needed to return to ethics? He was upset by disorder and a lack of decency in society.
Where was the capital of the Zhou dynasty?
The Zhou established authority by forging alliances with regional nobles, and founded their new dynasty with its capital at Fenghao (near present-day Xi’an, in western China). <1> The Zhou dynasty ruled China from 1122 BCE to 256 BCE. In 771 BCE, however, the Zhou capital was sacked by invaders, and the Zhou capital was moved further east. <4>