In 1845 Edgar Allan Poe first published "The Raven", a story, narrated by the main character, which appears to it is in morning the ns of his love called Lenore. The nature of how his love was lost is not clear, yet the events that occur throughout that night allude that the narrator is responsible because that Lenore’s death and also the raven is there to supply the news that the narrator’s imminent hellbound demise.

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Near the opened of the story the narrator mentions the is attempting come “surcease his woe – sorrow because that the shed Lenore” (Poe, 1996, p. 81) and also continues by describing Lenore as a “rare and also radiant maiden” (Poe, 1996, p. 82). A raven visits the narrator and upon start the room, perches straight upon the bust of Pallas, and remains over there throughout the story. The surname Pallas is roughly translates to maiden or virgin (Smith, 1890, p. 100). Because the narrator mentions the Lenore is a “radiant maiden” us could as such make a connection that the bust that Pallas is a reminder of Lenore. The raven is supplied to to mark the importance of this price in the story.
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The surname Pallas is also most commonly linked with Pallas Athena, a Greek goddess. But the surname Pallas actually stands alone in number of Greek stories that indicate Athena as well. The personality of Pallas appears in many forms as a relative or together an adversary, yet is eventually slain by Athena, that then bring away the surname the name.
In one story Athena and also Pallas - daughter the Triton - are friends who practiced “the arts of war together” (Mark P. O. Morford, 1999, p. 100). Athena accidently slays Pallas and feels guilty and also decides come assume her name. In one more story, Athena slays the large Pallas - kid of Uranus - after ~ he reportedly attempted to violate her. She climate takes his name and also uses his skin to cover her shield (Smith, 1890, p. 100).
states plainly that that is distraught over the loss of Lenore, however the reader most likely assumes that her death is due to natural causes. Together the story progresses it shows up the narrator eventually comes to understand why the raven has paid him a visit.
Quite beforehand on, the narrator asks the crow “what her lordly name is top top the Night"s Plutonian shore!” (Poe, 1996, p. 83). The narrator plainly assumes that the crow is there on some dark purpose and also begins to concern the raven’s intent. In Greek mythology, Pluto (as in Plutonian) to be the god who ruled the underworld (James Hall, 2007, p. 257). Pluto is also known together Hades, which is an additional name provided to describe hell.
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servants to your masters. Although not a Greek god, that was believed that the god Odin had two ravens the he sent out out right into the people to execute his bidding. Odin is often connected with Mercury and also Mercury is often associated with Hermes, (Viktor Rydberg, 1907, p. 80) the Greek messenger to the gods and the “conductor of the soul” (Wikipedia). The would bring newly dead souls to Hades (Wikipedia). The raven in this particular story can either it is in Hades self or a messenger the Hades, sent out to notify our narrator the his hell bound fate. The narrator suggests that the crow is a messenger in “`Prophet!" claimed I, `thing that evil! - prophet still, if bird or devil!” (Poe, 1996, p. 85)
The bust that Pallas in the narrator"s room is an odd selection and can be clue as to what happened to the narrator"s lover. Based upon the an interpretation associated with the bust, the visit native the raven and also Poe’s various other stories; it appears likely this tale is also around murder. It additionally seems likely that this story complies with in the story present as various other stories such together the “Black Cat” and the “Tell story Heart”, whereby the narrator tries to hide your deeds, but is at some point exposed.
Smith, W. (1890). A dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and also Mythology : Oarses-Zygia. Harvard University: J. Murray.

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Viktor Rydberg, R. B. (1907). Teutonic mythology: gods and goddesses that the Northland. Norrœna Society.
Wikipedia. (n.d.). Hermes. Retrieved 06 22, 2009, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermes