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You are watching: Who is known as the "father of modern criminology"?

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James Madison is recognized as the dad of the Constitution because of his pivotal duty in the document"s drafting as well as its ratification. Madison also drafted the an initial 10 amendments -- the bill of Rights.
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When the commonwealth Constitution was approved by the states and went into impact in 1789, the lack of a invoice of legal rights was the loudest and most reliable criticism the it. Return he believed that individual legal rights were totally protected by the Constitution together it to be ratified, Madison recognized that drafting a invoice of rights was politics imperative. His "Notes because that a speech in Congress," June 8, 1789, highlights the arguments he provided as a leader in the very first Federal conference to push 12 amendments to the Constitution through Congress in its an initial year. Ten of this amendments were validated by the states and also have been enshrined as the invoice of Rights. The James Madison documents are now accessible online and consist of roughly 12,000 item that record the 4th president"s life v correspondence, an individual notes, draft of letters and legislation, an autobiography, legal and financial documents, and miscellaneous manuscripts. Because that those interested in an enig symbols, there is one essay on "James Madison"s Ciphers." Madison, as a Virginia delegate come the continental Congress, while he to be secretary the state and in his an individual correspondence v Jefferson, continually feared that unauthorized world would seek to check out his private and public correspondence. Come deter together intrusions, the resorted come a selection of codes and also ciphers. Another essay recounts Madison"s experiences throughout the constitution Convention the 1787. Although Madison believed that individual legal rights were totally protected by the Constitution without amendment, Madison recognized that drafting a bill of legal rights was politically imperative. His "Notes for a decided in Congress," June 8, 1789, highlights the disagreements he provided as a leader in the an initial Federal congress to push 12 amendments to the Constitution v Congress in its an initial year. Ten of this amendments were validated by the states and have to be enshrined together the invoice of Rights. "The James Madison Papers" online presentation complements various other online presidential records from the Library of Congress, also obtainable through American Memory: George Washington, cutting board Jefferson and also Abraham Lincoln. You can see all 13 collections in American storage relating to presidents here. The American Memory internet site offers more than 10 million digital items in much more than 125 thematic collections that range from the records of U.S. Presidents, Civil battle photographs and also early movies of thomas Edison to papers documenting the women"s suffrage and also civil legal rights movements, Jazz age photographs and also the first baseball cards. A. James Madison, . Prints and also Photographs Division. Reproduction information: contact No.: PGA -- Ball, W.--James Madison (A size) .

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Payne"s Copy of James Madison"s "Original notes on discussions in the commonwealth Convention that 1787." Manuscript Division. Reproduction information: Contact: //www.cg-tower.com/rr/askalib/ask-mss.html