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ionic bond, also called electrovalent bond, kind of linkage developed from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond creates when the valence (outermost) electron of one atom are transferred permanently to one more atom. The atom that loses the electrons becomes a positively fee ion (cation), while the one that gains them becomes a negatively charged ion (anion). A short treatment of ionic bonds follows. For full treatment, see chemistry bonding: The development of ionic bonds.

Ionic bonding results in compounds well-known as ionic, or electrovalent, compounds, i beg your pardon are ideal exemplified by the compound formed in between nonmetals and also the alkali and also alkaline-earth metals. In ionic crystalline solids of this kind, the electrostatic forces of attraction between opposite charges and repulsion between comparable charges orient the ion in together a manner the every confident ion becomes surrounded by negative ions and vice versa. In short, the ions are so arranged that the hopeful and an unfavorable charges alternating and balance one another, the as whole charge of the whole substance gift zero. The magnitude of the electrostatic pressures in ionic crystals is considerable. Accordingly, this substances tend to be hard and also nonvolatile.

Sodium chloride exhibits ionic bonding. The sodium atom has a single electron in the outermost shell, if chlorine needs...

An ionic bond is actually the extreme situation of a polar covalent bond, the last resulting from unequal share of electrons fairly than complete electron transfer. Ionic bond typically type when the difference in the electronegativities that the two atoms is great, when covalent bonds type when the electronegativities are similar. Compare covalent bond.

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