Twelve Mile circle likes to address the extremes in geography. So the current topic proceeds with that theme, the national fundings that room closest come the north and also south poles.

You are watching: Which country’s national capital is closest to the north pole?

Northernmost

The title for northernmost national capital goes to Reykjavík, Iceland, in ~ 64 levels north. That’s just a pair of degrees brief of the Arctic Circle!

Located top top Faxaflói Bay, Reykjavík is home to about a hundreds thousand people. An additional hundred thousand or for this reason live in its higher metropolitan area. That’s a remarkable success considering that there space only around three hundred thousand people in all of Iceland.

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I took this photograph at Tjörn (which means literally “the pond”) in central Reykjavík a couple of years ago. In spite of its size, the city is fairly cosmopolitan with numerous nightlife and also activity. Tjörn offers a quiet respite in the middle of an city setting.

It simple to usage Reykjavík as a launching point for experiencing lot of Iceland’s abundant natural wonders. Because that example, the rainbows the Fjallabak Nature reserve or the rhyolite peaks, glacial rivers and geothermal warm streams that Landmannalaugar (in case you want so view a couple more photos).

<EDITOR’S NOTE: with Greenland’s added autonomy native Denmark and increasing me rule beginning in 2009, it’s capital city Nuuk is now thought about by plenty of to be the northernmost funding city (map)>

Southernmost

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On the other side of the earth sits Wellington, the resources city of new Zealand at 41 degrees south. It rests in ~ the southern tip of north Island along chef Strait, at around the country’s midpoint. The houses around two hundred thousand people and also about dual that in ~ its bigger metropolitan area.

New Zealand has actually a population of about four million for this reason Wellington is vital city. However it doesn’t overcome the nation as go Reykjavík for Iceland. In reality Wellington isn’t even new Zealand’s largest city (that distinction goes to Auckland).

Because Wellington is hemmed-in through its harbour and adjacent hills, that doesn’t have actually much room to expand. So it makes up for that by having actually a greater population density than everywhere else in the country.

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I haven’t been to new Zealand although perhaps someday I’ll be able to make that journey. Because that now, you can visit through the newest page in my continuing series on people ferries: the interactive Map of new Zealand Ferries.