Ammonium nitrite represented by the chemistry formula NH4NO2 or H4N2O2 <1> the bears the IUPAC name azanium nitrite <4> is a compound containing nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen that is soluble in water <6>. It is an ammonium salt and also an ionic compound <1>.

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Ammonium Nitrite

Ammonium Nitrite Identification

CAS Number13446-48-5 <1>
PubChem CID26004 <1>
ChemSpider ID24223 <2>
EC Number236-598-7 <1>

How to make it

Ammonium nitrite deserve to be prepared by a reaction between silver nitrite and also ammonium chloride that likewise produces silver- chloride <6>.

2AgNO2 + NH4Cl = NH4NO2 + 2AgCl

Nitrous acid additionally reacts with ammonium hydroxide to produce ammonium nitrite and water <7>.

HNO2 + NH4OH = NH4NO2 + H2O

Properties and also Characteristics the Ammonium Nitrite

General Properties

Molar mass/molecular weight64.044 g/mol <1>

Physical Properties

Color/appearanceWhite-yellowish crystals <5>
OdorOdorless <6>
Melting point/freezing pointDecomposes (explodes at 60°C-70°C) <3>
Boiling pointN/A <4>
Density 1.69 g cm-3 <3>
State of matter at room temperature (normal phase)Solid <5>

Chemical Properties

Solubility in water64.3 g/100g (at 19.15oC) <5>
pH>7 (basic) <6>


Ammonium Nitrite Structure

Prominent Reactions

If the concentrated solution that the link is heated also strongly, the explodes decomposing into nitrogen gas and water <5, 6>.

NH4NO2 = N2 + 2H2O


Ammonium Nitrite Formula

Ammonium Nitrite Uses

As a microbiocide, rodenticide and farming pesticide <4>.In do explosives <6>.

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Is it Dangerous

The link is very toxic to humans and also aquatic animals. It can reason an to explode hazard. Heater it can create toxic fumes that ammonia and also nitrogen oxides <4, 6>

Ammonium Nitrite (NH4NO2) Cost

The stormy compound is extremely complicated to discover in that pure type and practically none the the significant chemical suppliers sell it because that commercial purposes <6>.



Limiting Reagent (Reactant)


Brønsted-Lowry Theory

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