Proactive driving is driving through the aim to anticipate possible hazards and also take action to reduce, minimize or stop danger prior to it deserve to occur.

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Never assume other drivers are constantly going to drive carefully or respond properly at every times. Anticipatingwhat could happen can aid you to stop collisions caused by the control errors the others. This chapterdescribes the an abilities and methods you can use to journey proactively.

Scan all roughly your vehicle

Most of your attention should be provided to feather forward and scanning for dangers that are occurring ahead ofyou. When you room driving in an city area, watch at the very least 12 to 15 seconds ahead of your vehicle. This is about1 to 1 1/2 blocks. When you room driving in rural areas, watch at the very least 20 come 25 seconds ahead the yourvehicle. This is your visual command time, which provides you with time come respond to dangers ahead that you.

Check behind you by glancing in her rear check out mirrors every eight to 12 secs (about every block in an urbanarea). Glance in your rear view mirrors as soon as you anticipate slowly or stopping. Be aware of vehicles ~ above bothsides and also in your remote spots. Do not forget come glance at your speedometer to inspect your speed.

Watch for potential hazards

Proactive driving requires a continuous process of watching her surroundings and thinking around whether hazardsare developing, and also then taking action to reduce risks. There space 2 species of risks that have to berecognized. These are fixed (those that perform not change) and variable (those the change).

Fixed risks are long-term conditions and also situations follow me the roadway, including:

restricted vision locations such together curves, hills and hidden drivewaysintersectionsmerging roadways

Variable hazards readjust through the day, including:

school children and other pedestriansleft-turning vehiclesicy roadway surfaces"stale" green lightsemergency vehicles

Be prepared to take action to avoid a difficulty as the instance changes. Expect the unexpected and always plan anescape route.

Have a room cushion

Leave enough space between yourself and also the vehicle ahead, behind and to either next to stop safely or steeraround a possible hazard. If someone is adhering to too closely, and also if it is safe, reduce your speed just enoughto encourage them to pass. If the person does not pass, produce a broader space cushion in between you and also the vehicleahead.

When avoiding behind another vehicle in traffic, leaving enough room so that you can move your auto intoanother roadway without having to reverse. The extra space reduces the threat of hitting the vehicle ahead if you arehit native behind. This also enables you to relocate out the the way of a car that may be skidding or slipping onice behind you.

Plan ahead

Plan your take trip route prior to you collection out, and also keep that in mind as you drive. Be certain you are in the properlane fine in breakthrough of your departure or turning location. This will assist you prevent making quick and also dangerous lanechanges. If you miss out on your exit or turn, continue on to the next exit or intersection. Never drive her vehiclein turning back on a roadway to go back to a missed leave or turn. Use your signal lamp to let other drivers knowwhat you intended to do.

Collision avoidance

Watch the road ahead and also stay alert. Watch for any possible problems. If you need to turn sharply to protect against somethingin your lane, remain on her side the the yellow line if possible.

You deserve to learn an ext about proactive driving and also avoiding a collision by taking an approved driver educationcourse. This courses, called defensive Driving Courses, are easily accessible throughout the province from licenseddriver training schools and also authorized agencies.

Maintain your following time and distance

You have to drive a minimum of 2 secs behind the vehicle ahead. This is for typical road and weatherconditions. When problems are less than ideal, rise your adhering to distance.

To recognize if you room 2 secs behind the car in former of you, once it overcome a resolved object favor a roadmarking or a zero on the roadway, start counting. Counting one-thousand-and-one, one thousand-and-two. If thefront the your auto reaches the object prior to you room finished counting, girlfriend are following too closely. Reduceyour speed and count once more. The 2-second rule works at any speed.

An exception to this dominion is for chauffeurs of huge vehicles, such together motor homes. That is recommended the you use aminimum 4-second adhering to distance.


Keep a minimum two second-distance as soon as following an additional vehicle.

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Cellular phones and other distractions

Do not use a cellular phone call or other electronic devices while driving. Using a cellular phone to do or receivea call, or to obtain or send a text message is a distraction that have the right to take your attention away indigenous thedemanding task of driving. This applies to hands-free cellular telephones together well. If you desire to make orreceive a call, or receive or send a text message, stop in a safe and legal place.

Do not connect in tasks that permit you to be distracted if driving. When all creates of distracted drivingcan be hazardous, the Traffic safety Act contains fines and also 3 demerits for specific distractions. Theseinclude utilizing a hand-held cell phone, texting or emailing, using digital devices, such as laptop computers,video games, cameras, video entertainment displays and also programming portable audio players, beginning informationon general practitioners units, analysis printed products in the vehicle, writing, to press or sketching, and an individual grooming.