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Japanese Grammar: verbs “imasu” and also “arimasu” – evaluation Notes

Today us learned two means to display existence in Japanese making use of the verb arimasu (for non-living things) and imasu (for living things). However what about dead things, robots, and plants?!? perform they use arimasu or imasu?! Read more to uncover out!

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You are watching: What does imasu mean in japanese

Showing presence using Arimasu or Imasu:

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★ The Japanese verbs arimasu and imasu both translate to “there is” in English.

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★ Generally, Imasu is offered for living things and arimasu is used for whatever else.

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Example 1: Imasu

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猫がいます。

Neko ga imasu

There is a cat.

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★ Cats space living creatures, so we usage the verb imasu.

★ When using the verbs imasu or arimasu to display existence, we use the subject particle “ga” between the noun (neko) and also the verb (imasu).

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Example 2: Imasu

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子供がいます。

Kodomo ga imasu

There is a child.

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★ Children are also living, for this reason we use the verb imasu.

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Example 1: Arimasu

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本があります。

Hon ga arimasu

There is a book.

★ Books are not living, therefore we usage the verb arimasu.

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Example 2: Arimasu

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かばんがあります。

Kaban ga arimasu

There is a bag.

★ A bag is not living, for this reason we use the verb arimasu.

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★  We discussed that there space a couple of exceptions or how amazing cases.…………………………………………………………………………………

★  for dead people/animals, you usage arimasu. words for dead body in Japanese is 死体 (shitai). so you would certainly say:

死体があります。

Shitai ga arimasu.

There is a dead body.

I expect you never have to say that (>ω

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★  because that robots, you use imasu even though they are not really living.

ロボットがいます。

Robotto ga imasu.

There is a robot.

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★  because that plants, you use arimasu even though they space actually living.

木があります。

Ki ga arimasu.

There is a tree.

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Last Note:

★  relying on the context, arimasu can likewise be supplied to suggest possession. For example:

宿題があります。

Shukudai ga arimasu.

There is homework. / I have actually homework.

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Conclusion:

Today we learned how to use the Japanese verbs arimasu and imasu. Basically, imasu is for living things and arimasu is for various other things, however there are some exceptions or surprises together we saw.

I hope you delighted in today’s lesson! If girlfriend have any questions, leave a comment listed below (◕ω◕)♪

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