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Anterior surface ar of the tongue.

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The tongue is a mass of interlacing bones muscle , connective tissue v some mucous and also serous glands, and pockets the adipose tissue, extended in oral mucosa.

A V-shaped line (shallow groove)- the sulcus terminalis, divides the tongue into an anterior 2/3 and a posterior 1/3.

The mucosa spanning the upper surface of the tongue is thrown into countless projections referred to as the lingual papillae in the anterior 2/3rd the the tongue.

In the posterior 1/3rd, there room no papillae, but there are many lymphoid follicles present.

The three species of papillae are:

fungiform (mushroom like)filiform (filum - thread like)circumvallate

(foliate papillae room uncommon in humans)


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This photo shows a vertical ar of tongue, that contains both filiform and fungiform papillae. Watch if you have the right to identify them, and notice how the epithelium for the two different types of papillae room different.


Fungiform and Filiform Papillae

The slide above shows a vertical ar through the tongue, bring away close come its tip.

Can you recognize the fungiform and filiform papillae, glands, and also skeletal muscle.

Notice the type of epithelium that covers the premium surface the the tongue (including the papillae).

Use the details below, and also the diagrams to assist you.

Filiform papillae space the many common. They are keratinised and in the living, castle look white.

Fungiform papillae space not keratinised, yet are very vascularised. In the living, castle look red. Many of the fungiform papillae have actually some taste buds.

Underneath the papillae, there room mucous and serous glands, pockets that adipose tissue, and also a layer of skeletal muscle and connective tissue. The skeleton muscle is arranged in three different planes, which permits the tongue to do a number of complicated movements.


Circumvallate papillae

Now have a look in ~ this section, a vertical ar of tongue taken simply anterior to the sulcus, the shows component of a circumvallate papilla . View if you have the right to identify Von Ebner"s glands, the slot of the circumvallate papilla, the taste buds, and also the muscle layer.

The papillae in this an ar are an extremely large, notice the range bar.

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These papillae have actually taste sprout in the medial walls of the cleft. These papillae are larger than the other two species of papillae. Glands, dubbed Von-Ebner"s glands (serous glands) open into the cleft.

Taste buds contain epithelially obtained taste receptor cells, sustentacular cells that surround a small main cavity tat opens up onto the surface as a small taste pore. Basal cells renew both the these species of cell. Chemicals stimulate the receptors, and initiate impulses in the afferent nerve fibres.


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