The Bolsheviks began as a little faction the a Marxist party referred to as the Russian social Democrats. The Bolsheviks came under the management of Vladimir Ilyich Ulianov (ool•YAH•nuhf), recognized to the human being as V. I. Lenin.Under Lenin"s direction, the Bolsheviks became a party specialized to violent revolution. Lenin believed that just violent transformation could ruin the capitalist system. A "vanguard" (forefront) the activists, that said, must kind a little party the well-disciplined experienced revolutionaries to attain the task.n march 1917, he experienced an chance for the Bolsheviks come seize power. In April 1917, German armed forces leaders, hoping to produce disorder in Russia, transport Lenin to Russia. Lenin and also his associates were in a sealed train to stop their principles from infecting Germany. Renamed Communist Party in 1918.

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A rural board of directors in the Russian empire, established by Tsar Alexander II in 1864 and also abolished in 1917
Followed George Plekhanov who saw the require for more capitalistic advance in Russia to create new urban working and middle classes, i beg your pardon Plekhanov"s party would certainly then organize to fall the burgeoisie
A self-governing community of peasants in pre-revolutionary Russia having regulate over regional forests, fisheries, and hunting grounds; land was allocated come each family members according come size, in return because that a resolved sum
200,000 factory workers and other in St. Petersburg assembled peacefully to petition for better working conditions, higher pay, and also representative government. "Bloody Sunday" = January 22nd troops killed numerous --> 500,00 workers on strike and also peasant revolts
(Parliament) developed by tsar. Stood for peasants and also landlords, but enabling workers only small representation. Tsar limited powers that the dumas and chose their course composition
Advocated a far more abrupt communist change and stressed the need for the communist party to provide its leadership- "Peace, Land, Bread"- referred to as for immediate withdrawl indigenous war, land because that peasants, and a government-run food distribution system- armed takeover of federal government headquarters, railways, power plants, write-up offices, and telephone exchanges- November 7 = communists seized power
Treaty in i beg your pardon Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian joining in the war (1918).
Secret police of early on Soviet Russia, developed by Bolshevicks after transformation of 1917 to safeguard regime versus dissidents. Criticized because that its serious brutality, the firm was reorganized in 1922.
Gulag
A jail camp because that Lenin"s opponents
Leon Trotsky
Russian revolutionary intellectual and close adviser to Lenin. Organized Red Army. A leader that the Bolshevik change (1917), the was later on expelled native the Communist Party (1927) and banished (1929) because that his opposition come the authoritarianism of Stalin
Successor to Lenin as head the the USSR; strongly nationalist view of Communism; represented anti-Western stress, overload of Russian tradition; crushed opposition come his rule; established series of five-year plans to replace new Economic Policy; fostered farming collectivization; led USSR through human being War II; enhanced cold war with Western Europe and the joined States; passed away in 1953.
Prosperous Russian Peasents that - under Stalin - were sent out to labor Camps together punishment for being succesful
The Romanov czar who was forced to abdicate(resign) his throne together a result of a collection of mistakes the evenutally result in the Russian Revolution., the critical czar of Russia
The Romanov czar who gained international respect after beating Napoleon; his time in power was plagued v civil unrest.
Nicholas II wanted to be an imperial power, to have a warm water port, and to odor the Russia civilization from their inner problem. Together a result, he dealt with a war with Japan end Korea.
Nicholas II lost the war; together a result, Russia lost most the its naval fleet, civil unrest at house increased, Russia needs to stay the end of Manchuria and acknowledge Japan"s ideal to rule Korea.
As a result of poor, unsafe functioning conditions and also inflation, some workers were fired; others went on strike. 200,000 employees marched peacefully come the czar"s winter palace asking for better working conditons, universal sufferage and an end to the Russo-Japanese battle (aka: Bloody Sunday).
As a an outcome of Bloody Sunday, strikes, uprisings and also mutinies were occuring throughout Russia. To finish the revolution, Nicholas II agreed to produce a Duma and to make reforms because that the people.
Self-proclaimed divine man who asserted to heal the sick and have prophecy. Quit Nicholas"s bleeding. He had actually much influence over Tsarina Alexandra and she frequently went to him for recommend on politics issues.
Part one of the Russian Revolution; it began with the abdication that Nicholas II; together a result, the Duma developed a provisional government under the leadership of Alexander Kerensky (aka February Revolution).
A respected member of the Duma and also a Soviet; he was liked to be the leader that the provisional federal government that changed Nicholas II.
A momentary government created by the Duma ~ the abdication the the czar; that made the decision to continue to be in world War One, costing that the assistance of the soviets and the people.
Part two of the Russian Revolution; it started when Lenin toppled the provisional government and also established Russia as a socialist state under the Bolshevik Party (aka: October Revolution).
The slogan offered by Lenin to success the support of the people; peace appealed come the soldiers; land appealed to the peasants; and Bread appealed to the workers.
The battle between the Bolsheviks (Red Army) and their adversaries (White Army); the Bolsheviks won, however, 15 million Russians to be dead, the economic climate was in ruins, profession was at a standstill and also there was a shortage of skilled labor.
In response to the failing socialist policies, Lenin created a short-term compromise with capitalism; Under the NEP, farmers might sell their surplus, individuals can buy and sell because that profit and some personal ownership of land and business was allowed.

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Stalin"s attempt to modernize the Soviet Union; these set almost difficult quotas for industrial workers and farming farmers come meet; together a an outcome of these, the USSR did modernize.
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