BaroucheA summer automobile used because that driving in the great parks. Originating from Germany and Poland,as a big clumsy automobile built close to the ground with no action needed, it later became much more elegantlike the Canoe-Landau with only one hood over the backseat. Attracted by bag of high quality equines this to be an expensive stylish vehicle.
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Break (Brake)A four wheeled, open country car of differing shapes. The shooting Breakcarried 6 sportsmen with an are for your dogs, guns and also game in the slatted sided boot.Break vehicles, sometimes have a hood and also are qualified by having actually longitudinal seat withthe passengers sitting dealing with each other and also alighting through a behind entry. See photographsof a genuine Kinross Wagonnette break here.
BroughamAn attached carriage drawn by one steed without as plenty of windows as a coach.Named after ~ the designer, mr Brougham, an English statesman in 1839, the was popular in theVictorian age amongst both aristocrats and also the middle classes. Check out an advert because that a KinrossBrougham v circular prior movableglasses or a photo here.
BuggyA hooded Gig. The Americans use Buggyto describe various two or four wheeled vehicles, however generally it refers to light carriagesbuilt for speed. Watch the details that a Kinross Buggy which waswithdrawn from revenue or a picture of grandm Kinross showing aPiano box Buggy.
CabrioletA light, two-wheeled, hooded one-horse chaise. Replaced the curricle asa fashionable car for society men in the beforehand years that Queen Victoria"s reign.
CalashAn previously version the the Barouche indigenous the 18th Century, a light, four-wheeled, hooded vehicle. The seating plan was comparable to the Vis-À-Vis and it was low to enter like the Victoria.
CarriageWheeled vehicle for persons. Usually private 4 wheeled vehicle, drawnby two or much more horses.
CartA 2 wheeled waggon v the benefit of beingmore manoeuvrable, suitable for hilly districts and also drawn by just one equine ratherthan a team. A general-purpose trade or farm automobile with no suspension. One-of-a-kind versions had actually a tipping mechanism and were regularly used for carting manure(dung carts) or building materials.
ChaiseA pleasure or travel carriage, typically open, low, 4 wheeledand drawn by one or 2 ponies.
Char-a-bancA country car that carried an ext passengers 보다 a wagonette, alwaysdriven by four horses. Originally used for the transfer of shoot parties,they were later gaudily painted and also used because that public sightseeing tours.
Char-de-CoteA Swiss car that brought passengers sideways facing outwards so the theycould look in ~ the beautiful views.
ChariotA stately, four-wheeled carriage with earlier seats only. The travelling Chariotwas the exclusive posting car of the nobility with the owner"s comb painted top top the doors,a sword-case incorporated in the ago of the body, a satin interior and also seats because that the servantsup in ~ the back.
ClarenceA square front town car to chair four, gift midway in between a Brougham and also a Coach,drawn by two horses. Having actually plenty the room lock were later made into street cabs, earningthe nickname Growler.
CoachState carriage, four-wheeled, seating four, usually enclosed v windows all around,a curved underbody and also the roof forming part of the framing of the body. A city Coachwas a enormous vehicle, attracted by up to six hefty horses, v armorial bearings paintedon the doors.
CurricleA light, two-wheeled vehicle, usually drawn by a pair of horses abreast, afavourite the men-about-town prior to the cabriolet. This to be the only two-wheeled vehiclebuilt come be attracted by a pair, and had a steel bar attached come pads on the horses backs, whichsupported the weight of the pole.
Dog-CartA small, irradiate two-wheeled (later four-wheeled), one-horse vehicle for steering in.Used for short trips, such as to meet guests at the railway terminal or going shopping.The an initial Perth Dog-Cart to be made by grandfather WilliamKinross in Stirling, and also a good many an ext like it. The Dog-Cart was obtained from a gigand was offered for carrying 4 sportsmen sitting earlier to earlier with their dogs under in adeep boot v venetian slatted sides. Click here for photographs the a genuine Kinrosstwo-wheeled Dog-Cart, a four-wheeledDog-Cart, a Perth Cartor the Stirling Observer report the Walter Gilbey"sStirling welcome.
DormeuseAn attached carriage designed because that long explorations with a well-sprung body the couldbe converted right into sleeping accommodation because that night-time travel. Luggage to be stowed onthe roof.
FargonA vehicle used by the wealthy to convey your luggage and servants.
FloatA 2 wheeled cart with a an extremely low floor because that carryingheavy lots such as milk churns (milk float) or dressed stone or marble because that building.This was achieved by having a cranked axle, like the governess cart.
Four-in-handA automobile drawn by 4 horses propelled by one human being on the box.
GigA light two-wheeled, one-horsed automobile for two people. Supplied by commuters, the wasthe many common auto on the road. Watch a real KinrossSquare Gig and also aCab front Gig here.
Governess CartA tub-shaped, two-wheeled, one-horsed auto originally designed for a governess totake young children in family member safety. The human body was held on elliptic springswith a cranked axle to provide a lower centre the gravity. Access is by a behind doorwith a low-hung action for little children and the exterior door handle is low down out oftheir reach. The main disadvantages space the sideways driving position and thedifficulty of opening the door to acquire out in a hurry, to control an excited horse.The carriage on the left hand side of the snapshot of the Long Saloon showroomis a Governess Cart. Watch some actual KinrossGoverness Carts here.
Hansom CabA two-wheeled cabriolet for 2 inside, with the driver placed behind and also his reinsgoing over the roof, patented in 1834. Despite being publicly vehicles because that hire,many to be privately owned and considered rather dashing vehicles such that no lady wouldventure out in one unaccompanied.
HackneyA hackney coach or carriage retained for hire. These were frequently the discarded coachesof the nobility and were lot despised on account of your shabbiness and dirty interiors.Hackney Coach originates from the French haquenée an interpretation a horsefor hire.
Jaunting CarA timeless Irish two-wheeled auto with side facing seats hung over the wheels.It was moved from the next or indigenous a central front driver"s seat above the luggage in ratherunbalanced variations. Whilst the driver or jarvey required considerable skill,to drive sideways, the passengers also had to concentrate to stay seated on the corners, keep theirlegs dry in the wet and also avoid being hit by obstacles because of the broad of the vehicle. Alsoknown together a next Car, Irish Car or an Outside Car.
LandauA four-wheeled carriage through a urgent two-part hood, the prior and ago halvesof which deserve to be raised and also lowered independently. Initially from Landau,Germany. The Canoe Landau has actually a rounded underbody,which shows up lightly built, compared to the an ext angular Shelborne Landau in i beg your pardon the underbody mirrors the form of the seating. See an advert mirroring a KinrossCanoe Landau constructed for His Highness, TheRajah the Jowar in 1871 or this Canoe Landauon the ideal hand side of the Long Saloon showroom.
OmnibusA big wheeled windy vehicle, plying on a solved route, taking and also picking up passengersat resolved stages or at any point along the way. Shillibeer"s very first omnibus that 1829 hadbench seats because that 18 passenger inside with a door in ~ the back. Wilhelm Kinross & Sonswere awarded a silver- medal for their improved omnibus architecture asexhibited in ~ the 1851 great Exhibition.
Perth-CartA four-wheeled Dog-Cart, which to be a speciality of william Kinross& Sons.Click here for photographs of 2 of just threePerth Carts thought to stay in existence.
PhaetonA light, normally low, four-wheeled open up carriage, drawn by a pair of horses. Phaethõn,the son of the Greek sun-god Helios, was famed for his poor driving that the sun chariot. Seepictures of grandm Kinross in her elegant display Phaeton orher Cut-Under Phaeton.
Pony CartA small, irradiate two-wheeled, car for steering a pony in.Click below for photographs the a genuine KinrossPony Cart.
Ralli-CarAn offshoot that the Dog-Cart that became really fashionable in around 1898. It was namedafter the Greek shipping magnate Pandia Ralli (1862-1924) the Ashtead Park, Dorking, Surrey.Sometimes the body to be much reduced than a Dog-Cart, since the shafts ran within the body.A Ralli car had graceful curved side panels inclining outwards end the wheels; the human body stylebeing well-known with women. Watch photographs that two genuine KinrossRalli car here.
SociableA low-hung vehicle, carrying four seated vis-à-vis, drawn by a pair of horses and also driven fromthe crate seat. Comparable to the Victoria, but with doors.
SleighSleighs are generally driven indigenous the prior seat and also have a high dash plank to helpprotect the passenger from the clods of eye thrown from the horse"s feet. Theyoften have a rear rumble seat for the groom together the weight helps lift up the front of therunners.
Stage CoachA huge four wheeled carriage, generally four-horsed, enclosed through seats inside and also on the roof,carrying passenger at fixed rates and also times through stoppages because that meals and relays the horses.
SulkyA really high 2 wheeled auto for one person, therefore its name. That was used for time trottingmatches and also still is today, return the chair is much lower now.
VanA light, basic purpose, four-wheeled, trade automobile with a square body and flat sides, oftencovered v a canvas top on hoops. The driving seat is the entire width of the front witha low footboard and also there is no appropriate dashboard. A van has actually springs whilst a waggon or carthas heavy axles. The surname is acquired from Caravan, which to be a train or convoy of goodstravelling with each other for safety. Watch photographs the a actual KinrossVan here.
VictoriaA light, low, four-wheeled, one steed carriage with a seat because that two, a increased driver"s seat and afolding hood. They have no doors and have nearly continuous front and also rear mudguards,which sweep down choose a running plank to kind an entry step. A famous ladies" carriage,partly with the snob very nice one of that is name.
Vis-À-VisA narrow coach, seating just two human being face come face, provided for ceremonial occasions.It was quickly superseded by dress Chariots and also State Coaches, but the surname was provided for carriageswhere the residents sat opposite each other. Watch a photograph of a genuine KinrossVis-À-Vis here.
WaggonA four-wheeled, heavy haulage farm automobile handmade by the local wheelwright. The distancebetween the wheels was collection to match the the gauge the the ruts in the local roads. Over there wereroughly 35 local varieties of waggon roughly Britain. The carter walked alongside controllingthe horse just by his voice and also a long whip or by holding top top the bridle. There to be nosuspension and big wheels to cope v the uneven tracks. A heavy waggon was attracted by a teamof carthorses which to be expensive come run, with negative manoeuvrability and also unsuitable for hillyregions. Wagon usually refers to a railway wagon and also waggon to a roadwaggon.
WaggonetteA four-wheeled, open up pleasure automobile (or with a removable cover) because that one or more horses, withside facing bench seats. The carriage identical of a utility auto it was perfect because that thefamily nation outing through the luggage being stowed in ~ the removable seats.See photographs that a real Kinross Wagonnette rest here(no removeable seats).
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Please email me if you can include any an ext European carriage types to this glossary.