You are watching: Themes for a raisin in the sun
Dreams: everyone in the play has a dream. However, achieve one"s dreams proves a complex endeavor, specifically when factors like race, class, and also gender interfere. Selfishness: Lena"s selfless desire to provide for her family is contrasted through her childrens" much more selfish concerns. Walter"s cynicism disputes with Lena"s id in tough work.Race: as soon as Lena put a under payment on a house in a mainly white neighborhood, the ar association tries to buy the house back in stimulate to store the Youngers out, highlighting the obstacles erected by racism.
critical Updated on might 5, 2015, by cg-tower.com Editorial. Indigenous Count: 880
In 1957, once Lorraine Hansberry started work top top A Raisin in the Sun, she titled it Crystal Stair, taken indigenous a heat in a Langston Hughes poem, “Mother come Son.” The last title, like the initial one, likewise comes from a Hughes poem, “Harlem,” which asks the question, “What wake up to a dream deferred/ does it dried up choose a raisin in the Sun?” Either title is appropriate, for absolutely this is a play about a mother-son relationship, yet it is no much less a play around dreams, dreams too long deferred. These unfulfilled dreams are in ~ the facility of the play and also are the resource of the varied difficulties in the play. The way in i m sorry Hansberry presents this problems and also the skill with i beg your pardon she weaves them right into the an easy theme of the job-related attest the artistry that the playwright.
A Raisin in the Sun is rife v conflicts: generational conflicts, gender conflicts, ideology system conflicts, and perhaps many important, conflicts of dreams, which space at the center of the play. By placing three generations in the same cramped quarters, Hansberry focuses dramatically on few of the crucial differences in between age and youth. Mama Younger’s problem is constantly for the welfare of her children. She wants to administer for Beneatha’s education and also find a comfortable house for the family. She and her husband, big Walter, had struggled to do life far better for the children. Although he had actually literally functioned himself come death, he had taken the end the $10,000 life insurance plan as protection for them.
Beneatha and Walter Lee, ~ above the various other hand, are much more selfish in their concerns. Beneatha squanders money on frivolous pursuits and devotes her attention to her personal relationships, if Walter is oblivious to the requirements of everyone else, with the possible exception that his son, in his obsession v the dream of coming to be a businessman. Travis, in common childlike fashion, manipulates all the adults in the beat in order to achieve his own ends.
ideological conflicts likewise abound, feeding into the significant theme of the novel. Beneatha, having actually been recently exposed to part radical ideas in the college setting, has actually abandoned the God-centered Christian confidence of she mother and also has embraced atheism, or at the very least secular humanism. The major clash between these two ideologies comes in a dramatic step in i beg your pardon Mama pressures Beneatha come acknowledge, at the very least verbally, the existence of God through forcing her to repeat the phrase “In mine mother’s house, there is constantly God.” In sharp contrast to Mama Younger’s approach of success through faith and also hard job-related is Walter Lee’s philosophy of the “takers and the tooken.” he adopts this philosophy after gift deceived by his friend, Willie. Mama Younger denounces this philosophy when, in a powerful speech recall Walter Lee the his heritage, she says, “Son, i come from 5 generations the slaves and sharecroppers—but aint nobody in my family members never permit nobody pay ’em no money the was a means of informing us we wasn’t fit come walk the earth. Us aint never been the poor.”
In George Murchison, a wealthy young afri American college student, and Asagai, a bad Nigerian university student—both suitors the Beneatha—Hansberry concentrates on the conflicts between wealth and position matches heritage and also tradition. Murchison provides Beneatha a life the opulence and also comfort, while Asagai provides her a life steeped in genealogical tradition yet devoid of biology comforts. Hansberry does no attempt to resolve this conflict, picking rather to leaving Beneatha undecided in ~ the end of the play, saying the an obstacle of together a choice. The Beneatha-Asagai relationship additionally introduces into the drama the layout of pan-Africanism, a theme common in african American drama of this period. Through the romantic authorized of this two, Hansberry manages to connect the African battle for independence with the afri American battle for self-identity and also self-determination.
Furthermore, in she portrayal of Beneatha as a fiercely independent, self-assured woman, figured out to succeed in the clinical profession, Hansberry introduce the theme of feminism, a novel one at this time not only in afri American literary works but likewise in American literature in general. Also Walter Lee expresses the usual male-chauvinist suggest of watch as he taunts Beneatha about her ambitions: “If you are going to medical school, why not be a nurse prefer everyone else.”
The feminist template is intensified by the portrayal that the two other women in the play. Each in her own means reflects some facet of feminism. Lena Younger (Mama) is the summary of the self-reliant woman, having worked side by side through her husband to carry out for the family and also continuing to be its stabilizing force. Ruth, on the various other hand, appears to hold fairly traditional ideas about motherhood, yet she find herself, there is no the counsel of her husband, considering abortion together an different to bringing one more child into the world. Return the abortion design template is merely touched ~ above in this play, the method is opened up for various other writers come treat it an ext thoroughly in future plays.
In A Raisin in the Sun, Hansberry raises many worries of race, gender, family values, religion, and also ethics. The pat poses many much more problems than it resolves or even attempts come resolve; therein lies the complexity and the realism the the drama.
last Updated top top July 23, 2020, by cg-tower.com Editorial. Word Count: 270
A Raisin in the Sun deals with two problems: the discords that a household with high hopes, and the society injustice the segregation. The two Younger children, Beneatha and Walter, space both established to improve their terminal in life. Walter, however, struggles just with dreams of success, if Beneatha realistically takes college courses that will lead to her becoming a doctor. In one way, both space fighting the oppression of racism, yet it is Beneatha who appears coolly to know that the oppression will be conquered only through difficult work.
Wise enough to know that the family members will survive just through wise management, Lena Younger provides her insurance money money to buy a house. She has actually bought it, however, in a segregated area, and though she is ready to confront that fight when the comes, the ominous illustration of Lindner, who desires to buy out the Youngers to prevent their relocating it to Clybourne Park, endangers future difficulties.
Yet racial segregation is no the major theme that the play. The major theme is that households must remain united; when household members action selfishly, together Walter does as soon as he take away his mother’s money and also invests it in a fly-by-night scheme to buy a liquor store, the family members may disintegrate. This an extremely nearly wake up to the Youngers. At the last minute, however, Walter realizes what he is doing and abruptly rejects Lindner’s market (though he had threatened to accept it). The unified of the household is saved. The trouble of moving into a White ar lies in the future. Because that the present, the Youngers have proven the in unified lies strength.
last Updated on July 23, 2020, by cg-tower.com Editorial. Native Count: 741
Race and Racism
The clear primary theme the A Raisin in the Sun has to do with race and racism. The Youngers live in a segregated ar in a city that remains one of the most segregated in the joined States. Virtually every action they perform is impacted by their race. Ruth is employed together a domestic servant and also Walter together a chauffeur in component because they space Black—they room the servants, the is, the White people. Lock are restricted to their poorly maintained apartment in part because they have low-paying tasks but additionally because absentee landlords regularly do not keep their property. Travis chases a rat, while Beneatha and also Mama attempt to eradicate cockroaches, both activities which would not take place in wealthier neighborhoods.
The most far-ranging scene which openly portrays racism, however, is the visit through Karl Lindner. Although the does not determine himself together racist, and also although his methods are much less violent than some, he desires to live in one all-White neighborhood—and that is ready to salary the Youngers off to continue to be out of White neighborhoods. This type of racism is frequently dangerous since it is much more easily hidden.
Prejudice and Tolerance
Closely concerned the design template of race and also racism is the theme of prejudice and also tolerance. Knife Lindner and his neighbors are clearly prejudiced versus Black people. However other forms of prejudice and also intolerance additionally surface in the play. Walter responds come George Murchison aggressively since George is wealthy and educated; educated males seem come Walter somehow much less masculine. Similarly, although Joseph Asagai encourages Beneatha to feeling proud of her racial identity, the discourages her from feeling proud that her intellectual abilities due to the fact that he believes professional success are irrelevant to a appropriate woman.
Also concerned the layout of race and also racism and also to the layout of prejudice and also tolerance is the layout of civil Rights. Return this play would debut prior to the major Civil rights movement occurred in the united States throughout the 1960s, it raises numerous of the concerns that would at some point be increased by the larger culture. ""Civil Rights"" usually refer to the rights a person has actually by law—such as the right to poll or the ideal to to visit an sufficient schools—and room often additionally referred come as person rights. The central civil rights problem in this beat is, of course, the idea of segregated housing. Mama Younger has the money to pay for a residence she wants, however people effort to protect against her native doing so because of her race. At this moment, she is not trying to make a political point but fairly to acquisition the ideal house obtainable for the money. Houses obtainable in her own ghetto neighborhood are both much more costly and also less well-kept.
The "American Dream" includes many ideas, yet it is generally the id that anyone who pertains to or is born in America can attain success through difficult work. Walter Younger aspires to achieve component of this American Dream, but he is frustrated at every turn. Although he is willing to job-related hard, opportunities for the are few because the is Black. His culture has relegated him to the maid class. Once some money walk become accessible to him, his business methods are likewise few—for couple of businesses historically flourished in minority neighborhoods. Yet by the end of the play, even if it is or not he achieves the American Dream, the does achieve a feeling of himself together an individual with power and also the ability to do choices.
While questions of gyeongju are definitely prominent in the play, an same significant, if much less prominent, issue involves gender. Mama understands that in order to suffer himself as an adult, Walter have to experience himself together a man—that is, he must be the leader the a family. The course, in order because that Walter to be the leader, the women have to step back. And even within their stations together servants, Walter and Ruth"s duties are further divided according to your sex—Walter is the chauffeur, Ruth the domestic servant. An ext blatantly, however, Joseph Asagai asserts that women have only one role in life—that the wife and presumably mother. And although Beneatha longs to be a doctor, she is also caught upin the romance of possibly being Asagai"s wife. This anxiety points the end the reality that individuals can be exceptionally steady in one area that their lives while being lot less steady in various other areas.
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