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COMPUTER SYSTEMDefinition: Is a arsenal of entities(hardware,software and also liveware) that space designed come receive, process, manage and also present information in a systematic format.

You are watching: The physical parts or components of a computer system is called

COMPONENTS OF computer system SYSTEMComputer hardware - Are physics parts/ intangible components of a computer. Eg Input devices, output devices, main processing unit and storage devicesComputer software - additionally known together programs or applications. They room classified into two classes specific - sytem software and also application softwareLiveware - is the computer system user. Likewise kwon as orgwareor the humanware. The user regulates the computer system system come execute on instructions.a) computer HARDWARE

Hardware refers to the physical, tangible computer equipment and also devices, which provide support for major functions such together input, processing (internal storage, computation and control), output, secondary storage (for data and also programs), and communication.

HARDWARE category (Functional Parts)

A computer system system is a collection of integrated devices that input, output, process, and store data and also information. Computer system systems are at this time built about at the very least one digital handling device. There are 5 main hardware components in a computer system system: Input, Processing, Storage, Output and also Communication devices.

Are devices used because that entering data or instructions come the main processing unit. Are classifie follow to the an approach they usage to go into data.

a) KEYING DEVICESAre devices used to enter data into the computer using a set of secrets eg Keyboard, key-to- storage and keypad.i) The keyboard

Keyboard (similar to a typewriter) is the key input an equipment of a computer . It contains three species of keys-- alphanumeric keys, special keys and duty keys. Alphanumeric keys are offered to form all alphabets, numbers and also special symbols choose $, %,
, A etc. Special keys such together , , , , etc. Are provided for special functions. Function keys such as , , etc. Are supplied to give special regulates depending upon the software offered e.g.F5 reloads a page of an web browser. The role of each and also every vital can it is in well interpreted only after functioning on a PC. When any crucial is pressed, an electronic signal is produced. This signal is recognize by a keyboard encoder that sends a binary code corresponding to the crucial pressed to the CPU. There space many species of keyboards yet 101 keys keyboard is the most popular one.

How the tricks are organized

The secrets on her keyboard can be split into numerous groups based on function:

Typing (alphanumeric) keys. this keys encompass the exact same letter, number, punctuation, and also symbol keys uncovered on a traditional typewriter.Special (Control) keys. These tricks are offered alone or in mix with other secrets to perform certain actions. The most generally used control keys space CTRL, ALT, the windows key, and also ESC.Function keys. The function keys are provided to perform particular tasks. They are labelled as F1, F2, F3, and also so on, as much as F12. The functionality of these tricks differs from routine to program.Cursor activity (Navigation) keys. These secrets are used for moving roughly in records or WebPages and also editing text. They encompass the arrow keys, HOME, END, web page UP, web page DOWN, DELETE, and also INSERT and ARROW KEYS.Numeric keypad. The numeric keypad is handy because that entering numbers quickly. The keys are grouped with each other in a block like a conventional calculator or adding machine.

B. POINTING DEVICESAre devices that get in data and instructions right into the computer using a guideline that appears on the screen. The items to be gone into are selected by one of two people pointing to or clicking them.e.g mice, joystick, touch perceptible screen, trackballs i) THE MOUSEA computer mouse is a small device used to point to and select items on your computer screen. Although mouse come in many shapes, the typical mouse does look a little bit like an really mouse. It"s small, oblong, and connected come the system unit through a long wire the resembles a tail and the connector which can either it is in PS/2 or USB. Some newer mice room wireless.

A mouse usually has two buttons: a primary switch (usually the left button) and also a second button. Countless mice likewise have a wheel between the two buttons, which allows you to role smoothly through display screens of information.

When you move the mouse with her hand, a guideline on your display moves in the exact same direction. (The pointer"s illustration might readjust depending on wherein it"s positioned on her screen.) once you want to choose an item, you point to the item and also then click (press and release) the primary button. Pointing and clicking through your mouse is the main method to connect with your computer. There space several species of mice: mechanical mouse, optical mouse, optical-mechanical mouse and laser mouse.

Basic parts

A mouse frequently has 2 buttons: a primary switch (usually the left button) and also a an additional button (usually the best button). The primary switch is the one you will use many often. Most mice additionally include a role wheel in between the buttons to assist you scroll v documents and WebPages much more easily. On some mice, the scroll wheel have the right to be pressed come act together a 3rd button. Progressed mice might have extr buttons that can perform various other functions.

Holding and also moving the mouse

Place your mouse beside your keyboard on a clean, smooth surface, such as a mouse pad. Hold the mouse gently through your index finger relaxing on the main button and you thumb resting on the side. To move the mouse, on slide it slowly in any kind of direction. Don"t twisted it—keep the former of the computer mouse aimed away from you. As you relocate the mouse, a guideline (see picture) top top your screen moves in the exact same direction. If you operation out the room to move your mouse on your workdesk or mouse pad, simply pick increase the mouse and also bring it back closer come you.

Pointing to an item often reveals a descriptive message around it.The guideline can adjust depending top top what you"re pointing at. Because that example, as soon as you suggest to a link in your net browser, the pointer alters from an arrow to a hand through a pointing finger .

Most mouse actions incorporate pointing through pressing one of the computer mouse buttons. There space four an easy ways to use your computer mouse buttons: clicking, double-clicking, right-clicking, and also dragging.

Clicking (single-clicking)

To click an item, allude to the item on the screen, and also then press and release the primary switch (usually the left button).

Clicking is most often used to choose (mark) an item or open a menu. This is sometimes called single-clicking or left-clicking.


To double-click one item, allude to the item on the screen, and also then click double quickly. If the 2 clicks are spaced too much apart, they could be understood as two individual clicks fairly than together one double-click.

Double-clicking is most regularly used to open items on her desktop. Because that example, you can start a routine or open up a folder by double-clicking its symbol on the desktop.


To right-click an item, allude to the items on the screen, and then press and release the second button (usually the appropriate button).

Right-clicking an object usually screens a list of points you deserve to do through the item. For example, once you right-click the Recycle Bin on your desktop, Windows display screens a menu enabling you to open up it, north it, delete it, or watch its properties. If you space unsure the what to perform with something, right-click it.

C) SCANNING DEVICESAre tools that capture an item or a document directly from the source. They space classifie according to the an innovation used to record data e.g. Scanners and file readers.i) ScannersUsed to catch a source paper and converts it into an electronic form. example are - FlatBed and HandHeld scanners.

ii) document readersAre papers that reads data straight from source document and convey them as input in the type of digital signal. ETypes of document Readersi) Optical Mar reader (OMR)
ii) Barcode readers
iii) Optical character Readersb) Magnetic reader
Reads data utilizing magnetic ink.t uses principle of magnetism to feeling data which have actually been written making use of magnetised ink.
Is the brain or the love of a computer. Is also known together processor and also consist of 3 units specific - i) control Unit ( C U) ii) Arithmetic logic Unit ( A together U) iii) key Memory unit ( M M U)
The device unit is the core of a computer system system. Typically it"s a rectangular box inserted on or underneath your desk. Within this crate are numerous electronic contents that process data. The most important of these materials is the central processing unit (CPU), or microprocessor, which acts together the "brain" of your computer. Another component is random accessibility memory (RAM), i m sorry temporarily stores info that the CPU supplies while the computer is on. The info stored in lamb is erased as soon as the computer system is rotate off.

Almost every other part of your computer connects to the system unit utilizing cables. The cables plug into details ports (openings), frequently on the ago of the mechanism unit. Hardware the is not part of the mechanism unit is sometimes referred to as a peripheral device. Peripheral gadgets can it is in external such together a mouse, keyboard, printer, monitor, exterior Zip drive or scanner or internal, such together a CD-ROM drive, CD-R journey or inner modem. Inner peripheral devices are regularly referred to as integrated peripherals.

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There room two species according to shape: tower and also desktop.

Tower mechanism Unit desktop computer System Unit

A motherboard (mainboard, system board, planar board or logic board) is the main printed circuit board found in computers and other expandable systems. It holds countless of the vital electronic materials of the system, such together the main processing unit (CPU) and also memory, and provides connectors for other peripherals.


MotherboardTYPES of PROCESSORS I) Comples Instruction set Computers (CISC) ii) diminished Instruction collection Computers (RISC)FUNCTIONS OF main PROCESSING UNIT- procedure data- regulate sequence the operaions in ~ the computer systems - It offers command come all parts of a computer- It control the usage of the key memory in storing of data and instructions- it provides temporary warehouse (RAM) and permanent storage(ROM) the dataTHE manage UNITIs the facility of operations because that the computer system system, it directs the activities of the computer system system.Funlctions of control Unit