Calcium nitride, described as calcium azanidylidenecalcium in IUPAC nomenclature, is an not natural compound with constituent aspects calcium and also nitrogen and also represented by the chemical formula Ca3N2 <1>. The has various isomorphous forms, out of i beg your pardon α-calcium nitride is generally found <2>.

Calcium Nitride Identification

CAS Number12013-82-0 <3, 4>
PubChem CID3387080 <1>
ChemSpider ID21171155 <4>
EC Number234-592-9 <3>
RTECS NumberN/A <3>
InChI KeyXCNGEWCFFFJZJT-UHFFFAOYSA-N <1>



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Calcium Nitride Formula


How is Calcium Nitride Prepared

It can be synthesized when calcium is heated at an elevated temperature in the presence of air, i beg your pardon is represented by the following straight reaction of the elements <2>:

3Ca + N2 → Ca3N2


The calcium nitride created can be quickly identified, as it reacts v moisture or water to develop calcium hydroxide and also ammonia <2>:

Ca3N2 + 6H2O → 3Ca(OH)2 + 2NH3


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Calcium Nitride Ionic Bond


Properties and also Characteristics that Calcium Nitride

General Properties

Molar Mass/Molecular Weight148.248 g/mol <1>

Physical Properties

Color and also AppearanceReddish-brown crystalline flour <2, 3>
Melting Point1,195 °C, 2,183 °F <5>
Boiling PointN/A <3>
Density2.63 g cm-3 <3>
State of issue at room temperature (solid/liquid/gas)Solid <3>
SolubilityN/A
Solubility in WaterDecomposes in H2O

Atomic Properties

Crystal StructureCubic <5>

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Calcium Nitride chemistry Structure


Uses

Ca3N2 deserve to be supplied for obtaining reactive nitride ion <5>.

Is that Toxic

Repeated call or overexposure to Ca3N2 has been connected to eye damage and also skin burns <6>. It is a flammable solid and should be retained away from sparks, heat, open flames, and also water, due to the fact that of feasible dangerous reactions <6>.

References:


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Ferric Oxide


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Ammonium Nitrite

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