Ionic, covalent, and also metallic bonds are different types of chemistry bonds. One ionic bond is developed when one atom donates valence electrons to an additional atom. A covalent bond is formed when both the atom share pairs of valence electrons. A metallic bond is formed in between a cloud of free electrons and the positively charges ion in a metal.

You are watching: Similarities between ionic and covalent compounds

In ionic and also covalent bonds, the valence electron play a crucial role in forming the bond. Atoms accomplish a stable digital configuration by transferring and sharing that electrons. As a result, the bonds come to be stable through well-defined strength and energy.

Ionic BondCovalent BondMetallic Bond

Ionic link vs. Covalent bond vs. Metallic Bond

Occurs between


A metal and a nonmetal

Two nonmetals or a nonmetal and also a metalloid

Positively charged ions and also negatively fee electron cloud

Formation

Electrostatic attraction in between oppositely charged ions

Sharing pairs of electrons

Electrostatic attraction in between the delocalized electron cloud and positively charged steel ions

Formation between atoms that the very same element

No

Yes

Electronegativity difference in between atoms

High (>2)

Low (Sodium chloride (NaCl) and also potassium iodide (KI)

Methane (CH4) and water (H2O)

Sodium (Na) and also potassium (K)

Similarities between Ionic and Covalent Bonds

Valance electrons get involved in bondingForm neutral, secure compoundsCompounds are developed through exothermic reactionsCompounds have quicker rates the reactivityIonic compounds are always polar. Some covalent link are additionally polar.Ionic compounds room crystalline. Part covalent link are also crystalline.

See more: What Does Simba Mean In English Definition And Meaning, What Is The Meaning Of The Word Simba

*
Ionic vs Covalent Bonds

Similarities between Ionic and also Metallic Bonds

Involve electrostatic attractionsMetallic bond has high thermal and electrical conductivities. The ionic bond deserve to have high conductivities in molten state and also solutions.Ionic compounds and metals have actually high melting and also boiling points.Ionic compounds and metals are solid in ~ room temperature
*
Ionic and also Metallic Bonding

Similarities between Covalent and also Metallic Bonds

Metals room solid at room temperature. Some covalent compounds room solid at room temperature.
*
Covalent and Metallic Bonding