On October 12, 1870, Confederate basic Robert E. Lee passed away in Lexington, Virginia.
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In June 1829, Lee was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the Corps the Engineers and also sent to construct a fort in the Savannah River. This assignment was complied with by a stint at ft Monroe, Virginia. Throughout the summer that 1829, Lee began courting Martha Washington’s great-granddaughter, mary Custis, who had additionally captured the fist of Sam Houston (who would eventually end up being a southern governor opposed to secession). Robert and Mary to be wed on June 30, 1831, at Custis’ home at Arlington House.
As the slavery conflict ignited, president James Buchanan provided Lee command that a detachment to suppress john Brown and also retake the federal arsenal in ~ Harper’s Ferry. Lee described Brown together a “fanatic or madman.”
After resigning from the U.S. Army on April 20, Lee take it command that the Virginia state forces three job later. Fearing for his wife’s safety – Arlington home was directly across the potomac River native the nation’s funding – Lee persuaded Mary to vacate their home. Commonwealth troops quickly seized the mansion. Mary would return because that a quick visit several years later, however Robert E. Lee never ever saw his home again.
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Although Lee was a brilliant tactician and also a daring battlefield commander, the tide had turned ~ above the Confederacy and its disadvantages were too big to overcome. Through his pressures plagued by disease, desertion, and casualties, Lee abandoned Richmond on April 2, 1865. He hope to move southwest and join Johnston’s troops in north Carolina. But his pressures were quickly surrounded by Ulysses S. Grant’s at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. ~ above April 9, 1865, Lee surrendered.