Passage of materials through the wall surfaces of the little intestine right into the bloodstream.

You are watching: Physical process of breaking down large fat globules into smaller parts

amino acidsBuilding blocks of proteins, developed when proteins room digested.
amylaseEnzyme secreted by the pancrease come digest starch.
anusOpening the the digestive tract to the external of the body.
appendixBlind pouch hanging native the cecum.
bileDigestive juice do in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It division up huge fat globules. Bile initially was dubbed gall, probably due to the fact that it has a bitterness taste. That is composed of bile pigments, cholesterol, and bile salts.
bilirubinpigment exit by the liver bile.
canine teethPointed "dog tooth"-like teeth, alongside the incisors. Also called cuspids or eyeteeth.
cecumFirst component of the huge intestine.
common bile ductCarries bile from the liver and also gallbladder to the duodenum. Additionally called the choledochus.
defecationElimination of feces indigenous the cradle tract v the rectum.
dentinMajor tissue creating teeth, extended by the enamel in the crown and a protective class of cementum in the root.
digestionBreakdown of facility foods to easier forms.
duodenumFirst part of the small intestine. Duo = 2, den = 10; the duodenum procedures 12 customs long.
eliminationAct of removal of products from the body; in the digestive system, the removal of indigestivle materials.
emulsificationPhysical procedure of breaking up huge fat globules into smaller globules, thereby enhancing the surface ar area the enzymes deserve to use come digest the fat.
enamelHard, outermost great of a tooth.
enzymeA chemical the sppeds increase a reaction between substances. Digestive enzymes break down complex foods to much easier substances. Enzyme are given names that finish in -ase.
esophagusTube connecting the throat to the stomach.
fatty acidsSubstances created when fats are digested.
fecesSolid wastes; stools
gallbladderSmall sac under the liver; stores bile.
glucoseSimple sugar.
glycogenStarch; glucose is stored in the type of glycogen in liver cells.
hydrochloric acidSubstance created by the stomach; essential for digestion of food.
ileumThird component of the little intestine.
incisorOne of 4 from this in the dental arch.
jejunumSecond part of the little intestine.
lipasePancreatic enzyme vital to digest fats.
liverA large organ situated in the RUQ the the abdomen. The liver secretes bile; stores sugar, iron, and also vitamins; produces blood proteins; and also destroys worn-out red blood cells.
lower esophageal sphincter (LES)Ring that muscles in between the esophagus and also the stomach. Additionally called the cardiac sphincter.
molar teethThe sixth, seventh, and eighth teeth from the middel top top either next of the dental arch.
palateRoof that the mouth.
pancreasOrgan under the stomach; produces insulin and enzymes.
papillae (singular: papilla)Small elevations on the tongue. A papilla is a nipple-like elevation.
parotid glandSalivary gland within the cheek, just anterior come the ear.
peristalsisRhythmic contractions that the pipe of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and also other tubular structures.
pharynxThroat, the common passageway for food native the mouth and also for waiting from the nose.
portal veinLarge vein happen blood come the liver from the intestines.
premolar teethThe fourth and also fifth teeth prior to the molars.
proteaseEnzyme the digests protein.
pulpSoft organization within a tooth, include nerves and also blood vessels.
pyloric sphincterRing that muscle at the finish of the stomach, near the duodenum.
pylorusDistal an ar of the stomach, opened to the duodenum.
rectumLast ar of the large intestine, connecting the end of the colon and also the anus.
rugaeRidges ~ above the hard palate and the wall of the stomach.
salivaDigestive juice created by salient glands.
salivary glandsParotid, sublingual, and also submandibular glands.
sigmoid colonFourth and also last S-shaped segment of the colon, just prior to the rectum empties into the rectum.
sphincterCircular ring the muscle that constricts a i or closes a organic opening.
stomachMuscular organ that receive food from the esophagus. The stomach's parts are the fundus (proximal section), human body (middle section) and also antrum (distal section).
triglyceridesLarge fat molecules created of three components fatty acid and one part glycerol.
uvulaSoft tissue hanging indigenous the middle of the soft palate.

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villi (singular: villus)Microscopic projections in the wall surface of the tiny intestine the absorb nutrients into the bloodstream.