In Western musical notation, the staff is a collection of 5 horizontal lines and four spaces the each represent a different musical pitch—or, in the situation of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments. Proper music symbols, depending upon the intended effect, are inserted on the employee according to their corresponding pitch or function. Musical note are put by pitch, percussion note are inserted by instrument, and also rests and also other icons are inserted by convention.

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The pure pitch of each line of a non-percussive employee is indicated by the location of a clef symbol at the ideal vertical position on the left-hand next of the employee (possibly amendment by conventions for specific instruments). Because that example, the treble clef, likewise known as the G clef, is placed upon the second line (counting upwards), solving that line as the pitch very first G above “middle C.”

The lines and spaces are numbered indigenous bottom to top; the bottom heat is the very first line and also the peak line is the fifth line.

The musical staff is analogous to a mathematics graph the pitch through respect come time. Pitches of note are given by their vertical position on the staff and notes to the left are played prior to notes come the right. Unlike a graph, however, the variety of semitones stood for by a vertical step from a line to one adjacent an are depends on the key, and also the exact timing the the beginning of each note is not directly proportional to its horizontal position; rather, specific timing is encoded by the music symbol chosen for each note in enhancement to the tempo.

A time signature come the ideal of the clef suggests the relationship in between timing counts and note symbols, if bar lines team notes ~ above the staff into measures.


A clef (from French: clef “key”) is a music symbol used to suggest the pitch of created notes.Placed on among the lines in ~ the start of the stave, it indicates the name and pitch of the notes on the line. This line serves as a reference suggest by i m sorry the surname of the note on any type of other line or an are of the stave may be determined. Only one clef that referrals a note in a space rather than on a line has ever been used.

There room three varieties of clef offered in modern music notation: F, C, and G. Each kind of clef assigns a various reference note to the line (and in rarely cases, the space) on which the is placed.

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In music, an accidental is a keep in mind whose pitch (or key class) is no a member of the range or mode indicated by the many recently applied key signature. In musical notation, the spicy (♯), level (♭), and natural (♮) symbols, among others, are used to note such notes, and those symbols might themselves be dubbed accidentals. In the measure (bar) in which it appears, an accidental authorize raises or lowers the automatically following note (and any type of repetition of the in the bar) native its normal pitch, overriding sharps or flats (or your absence) in the an essential signature. A keep in mind is usually elevated or lowered by a semitone, although microtonal music may use “fractional” inadvertently signs. One occasionally sees twin sharps or flats, which raise or reduced the shown note by a whole tone. Accidentals use within the measure and also octave in which lock appear, unless canceled by an additional accidental sign, or tied into a complying with measure. If a note has actually an accidental and also the keep in mind is repetitive in a various octave within the very same measure, the inadvertently does not apply to the same note of the various octave.

Theory Lesson

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