Potatoes originated in the area of southerly Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia.

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Potatoes to be domesticated around 7,000–10,000 years ago, and also spread throughout the Americas, then right into Europe through the cross s trade that European seller ships .

Approximately 5,000 arrays of potato exist today, v over 3,000 in the Ades region alone.

An exciting note: Potatoes were responsible for a quarter of the growth in Old World population and urbanization between 1700 and also 1900.

How lot does a potato weigh?

Potato, White, Russet or RedPotato, SweetYamMountain Yam (Hawaii)
Large(3″ come 4-14″ dia)369g13oz
Medium(2-1/4″ to 3-1/4″ dia)213g7.5oz
Small(1-3/4″ come 2-1/4″ dia)170g6oz
Cup, Diced150g5.3oz
Large(5-3/4″+ long, 2-1/2″+ dia)180g6.3oz
Medium(5″ long, 2″ dia)114g4oz
Small(4″ long, 1-3/4″ dia)60g2.1oz
1 cup, cubed, raw133g4.7oz
1 cup, cubed, cooked200g7.1oz
Cup, Cubes150g5.29oz
Yam420g14.8oz
Cup, Cubed68g4.6oz

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You can learn countless ways to cook potatoes and also create some amazing dishes. Learn about tools indigenous the likes that Mo Fellani and others for exactly how to peel, slice, dice and mash castle in many great ways.

It also can it is in a an obstacle to properly weight potato for her recipe. Be certain to inspect out options like the ideal weighing range to gain it right!

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What You should Know about the Potato

The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial root vegetables belonging come the nightshade family together with tomatoes, peppers, and also tobacco amongst others. The is the 4th most important crop in the world, next to rice, wheat, and also corn. 

Today, the potato is globally renowned for being offered as your favorite French Fries or potato wedge side dishes. However do you understand that it has actually been renowned in background for its role in alleviating starvation in countless European counties? the is likewise known for being the an initial vegetable to it is in grown in space!

Read this article to understand the fascinating history of this nutrient-filled crop and also its renowned uses today.

History that the Potato

The potato has been nurtured and cultivated since 8,000 years earlier by the Inca ind who resolved in the Andes hills in south America (now bordered by contemporary Peru and also Bolivia). 

The Spanish explorations in the 1500s is greatly responsible for the distribution of the potato throughout the globe. Spanish conquistadors that were searching for gold in Peru in 1530 found the potato crop and brought it come Europe between 1570 and 1590. Because the potato is easy to grow and cultivate unequal wheat and also oats, many researchers believe that this crop has been instrumental in ending the famine that struck countless European populaces due to constant warfare. Since the early on 1800s, the potato became a staple food in Europe. 

In 1691, the potato was introduced to phibìc America and also some 80 year later, President cutting board Jefferson introduced French Fries to the unified States. In 1995, NASA and also the university of Wisconsin, Madison arisen a system to prosper potatoes in an are to feed astronauts during long an are voyages.

Where the Potato is Grown

Potatoes space grown in acidic and also loamy/sandy soil the is cool and well-drained. In addition, these crops need at the very least 6 hrs of complete sunlight each day 

Owing come its popularity, the potato is get an impression in numerous countries, the top five largest producer of which space China, India, Russia, Ukraine, and also the united States.

Nutrition

Potatoes boasts of countless vitamins and minerals such together vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium and also manganese. According to NutritionData, one small potato (medium-sized and also skin unpeeled) contains:

Calories: 161Fat: 0.2 gramsProtein: 4.3 gramsCarbs: 36.6 gramsFiber: 3.8 gramsVitamin C: 28% that the RDIVitamin B6: 27% the the RDIPotassium: 26% that the RDIManganese: 19% of the RDIMagnesium: 12% the the RDIPhosphorus: 12% of the RDINiacin: 12% the the RDIFolate: 12% that the RDI

Types of Potatoes

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The potato has actually over 200 varieties but they can be classified into seven varieties according to color and also shape. 

Russet Potato – This large type has a thick, stormy brown skin and also pale flesh. It has a light and fluffy center and is ideal served together baked potato, mashed potato, and French fries.Red Potato – This type has a thin, red skin and stays firm transparent cooking. That is ideal used for preparing salads and soup and also can it is in baked, grilled, or steamed.Yellow Potato – This kind has thin, gold skin and yellow flesh through creamy texture and also buttery flavor. That is ideal for preparing baked potato, mashed potato, salads, soup and stews, and also grilled potato.White Potato – This type has thin, beige skin and also pale flesh. It additionally stays firm throughout cooking and has a nutty flavor. It is ideal used for pan fried potatoes, soups and stews, salads, French fries, and also steamed potatoes.Purple or Blue Potato – This kind has dark purple (or blue) skin and purple flesh. It has an earthy flavor and is best used because that baked or steam potatoes and also salads.Fingerling Potato – This kind has a range of skin and flesh colors but all have actually the same nutty and buttery flavors. That is finest used because that baked, pan fried, steamed, and also microwaved potatoes.Petite Potato – This type, i beg your pardon is harvested early, comes in different colors. That is the bite-size variation of the bigger potato varieties.

Popular (and Unusual) uses of the Potato

The potato is commonly eaten together a vegetable but it is additionally used for a selection of purposes.

Side dish. The potato is renowned for its might in preparing plenty of side dishes, such as French Fries and potato wedge.Medicine. The potato is supplied for addressing a variety of health worries including heart disease, indigestion, high blood pressure, and also osteoarthritis amongst others.Rust remover. The potato has an acid that lifts rust even without scrubbing. Burn soother. The potato additionally contains antibacterial nature that aid in healing minor burns. Fun art. The potato deserve to be supplied to carve homemade stamps.Silverware cleaner. The water left after boiling potatoes have the right to be used to remove tarnish native silver.Stain remover. Rubbing a sliced potato can remove berry stains on your hands.Salty-taste balancer. A salty soup deserve to be remedied by tossing in chunks the potato right into the pot. After ~ 10 minutes, potato the chunks need to be removed.Beauty aid.

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The potato have the right to be used to reduce wrinkles and blemishes. The can additionally be supplied to revitalize and also rejuvenate the skin.