Element Palladium - Pd

Comprehensive data on the chemical facet Palladium is detailed on this page; consisting of scores that properties, element names in countless languages, most well-known nuclides of Palladium. Common chemical compounds room also detailed for countless elements. In enhancement technical terms are linked to your definitions and the menu consists of links come related articles that are a good aid in one"s studies.

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Palladium Menu

Palladium page OneOverview that PalladiumPalladium"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic framework of PalladiumChemical properties of PalladiumPhysical nature of PalladiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowPalladium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent Nuclides

Overview that Palladium

Atomic Number: 46Group: 10Period: 5Series: shift Metals

Palladium"s name in various other Languages

Latin: PalladiumCzech: PalladiumCroatian: PaladijFrench: PalladiumGerman: Palladium - sItalian: PalladioNorwegian: PalladiumPortuguese: PaládioRussian: ПалладийSpanish: PaladioSwedish: PalladiumAtomic structure of PalladiumAtomic Radius: 1.79ÅAtomic Volume: 8.9cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.28ÅCross Section (Thermal spirit Capture) σa/barns: 6.9Crystal Structure: Cubic challenge centered
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10Electrons per energy Level: 2,8,18,18Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
0.86ÅFilling Orbital: 4d10Number of electron (with no charge): 46Number of neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 60Number the Protons: 46Oxidation States: 2,4Valence Electrons: 4d10

Chemical nature of Palladium

Electrochemical Equivalent: 1.985g/amp-hrElectron job-related Function: 5.12eVElectronegativity: 2.2 (Pauling); 1.35 (Allrod Rochow)Heat of Fusion: 17.6kJ/molIncompatibilities:Ionization PotentialFirst: 8.34Second: 19.63Third: 32.93Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 33

Physical nature of Palladium

Atomic massive Average: 106.42Boiling Point: 3237K 2964°C 5367°FCoefficient of lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 11.2E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.095 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.718 W/cmKDensity: 12.02g/cc
300KDescription:Soft silver-white metal that does not tarnish in air. The is struck by concentrated, warm nitric acid and also boiling sulfuric acid.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 187/GPaRigidity: 43.6/GPaYoungs: 121/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 393.3 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy that Fusion: 16.74 kJ/moleEnthalpy the Vaporization: 376.6 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible heavy (except together dust)Freezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 37.3 MN m-2Mohs: 4.75Vickers: 461 MN m-2Heat the Vaporization: 357kJ/molMelting Point: 1825K 1552°C 2826°FMolar Volume: 8.85 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 72%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.24J/gKVapor Pressure = 1.33Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-05-3OSHA permit Exposure border (PEL)No limits collection by OSHAOSHA PEL Vacated 1989No limits set by OSHANIOSH encourage Exposure limit (REL)No limits set by NIOSH Levels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring level of facets in the typical human, the DOES NOT stand for recommended day-to-day allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: n/aBone/p.p.m: n/aLiver/p.p.m: n/aMuscle/p.p.m: n/aDaily diet Intake: n/aTotal mass In Avg. 70kg human: n/aDiscovery Year: 1803Name Origin: Greek: Pallas goddess that wisdom and also after the asteroid.Abundance that Palladium:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.0006Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: N/AAtlantic Deep: N/APacific Surface: 1.9E-08Pacific Deep: 6.8E-08Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative to H=1E12): 32Sources of Palladium:Obtained with platinum, nickel, copper and also mercury ores. Developed primarily as a by-product that copper and also zinc refining. Yearly world broad production is roughly 24 tons.Uses that Palladium:Used in alloys for telecommunication devices switching systems and electrical relays, catalyst for reforming cracked petroleum fractions, metallizing ceramics, mixed with yellow to do "white gold" for jewelry, aircraft sparkplugs, etc.Additional Notes:

Palladium Menu

Palladium page OneOverview that PalladiumPalladium"s name in other LanguagesAtomic framework of PalladiumChemical nature of PalladiumPhysical nature of PalladiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowPalladium web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental Nuclides


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