Element Mercury - Hg

Comprehensive data on the chemical aspect Mercury is detailed on this page; including scores the properties, element names in numerous languages, most well-known nuclides that Mercury. Typical chemical compounds room also detailed for countless elements. In addition technical state are connected to their definitions and the menu contains links come related write-ups that room a an excellent aid in one"s studies.

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Mercury Menu

Mercury web page OneOverview that MercuryMercury"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic framework of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical nature of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesMercury web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds of Mercury

Overview the Mercury

Atomic Number: 80Group: 12Period: 6Series: change Metals

Mercury"s surname in various other Languages

Latin: HydrargyrumCzech: Rtut´Croatian: ŽivaFrench: MercureGerman: Quecksilber - eItalian: MercurioNorwegian: KvikksølvPortuguese: MercúrioRussian: РгутьSpanish: MercurioSwedish: KvicksilverAtomic framework of MercuryAtomic Radius: 1.76ÅAtomic Volume: 14.82cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.49ÅCross Section (Thermal ghost Capture) σa/barns: 374Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10f14 5s2p6d10 6s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,32,18,2Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
1.02ÅFilling Orbital: 5d10 Number of electron (with no charge): 80Number of neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 121Number that Protons: 80Oxidation States: 2,1Valence Electrons: 6s2Electron dot Model

Chemical properties of Mercury

Electrochemical Equivalent:
3.742g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function: 4.49eVElectronegativity: 2 (Pauling); 1.44 (Allrod Rochow)Heat that Fusion: 2.295kJ/molIncompatibilities:Acetylene, ammonia, chlorine dioxide, azides, calcium (amalgam formation), sodium carbide, lithium, rubidium, copperIonization PotentialFirst: 10.437Second: 18.759Third: 34.202Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 28.2

Physical nature of Mercury

Atomic massive Average: 200.59Boiling Point: 630K 357°C 675°FCoefficient of lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 181E-6 ConductivityElectrical: 0.0104 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.0834 W/cmKDensity: 13.546g/cc
300KDescription:Silver fancy liquid shift metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 25/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 61.5 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy that Fusion: 2.29 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 56.9 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Noncombustible LiquidFreezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleMohs: 1.5Heat that Vaporization: 59.229kJ/molMelting Point: 234.43K -38.72°C -37.7°FMolar Volume: 14.81 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 73%Optical Refractive Index: 1.000933Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): LiquidSpecific Heat: 0.139J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0002Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7439-97-6UN/NA ID and also ERG guide Number2809 / 172RTECS: OV4550000OSHA permit Exposure border (PEL)Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential for skin absorptionNIOSH recommended Exposure border (REL)TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential for skin absorptionIDLH: 10 mg/m3 Routes the Exposure: Inhalation; Skin absorption; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneysLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of facets in the typical human, it DOES NOT stand for recommended daily allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0078Bone/p.p.m: 0.45Liver/p.p.m: 0.018-3.7Muscle/p.p.m: 0.02-0.7Daily dietary Intake: 0.004-0.02 mgTotal mass In Avg. 70kg human: 6 mg

Who / where / when / How

Discoverer: recognized to old civilizationDiscovery Location: UnknownDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:From the Greek god Mercury that was the messenger come the gods and was well-known for his speed; Hg native mercury"s Latin surname Hydrargyrum, which comes from the Greek native "hydrargyros" ("hydor" for water and "argyros" because that silver).Abundance the Mercury:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.05Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 4.9E-07Atlantic Deep: 4.9E-07Pacific Surface: 3.3E-07Pacific Deep: 3.3E-07Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative to H=1E12): 125Sources of Mercury:Most mercury comes from cinnabar ore. Yearly world production is roughly 8,400 tons. Major mining areas are Spain, Italy, Yugoslavia.Uses the Mercury:Used in thermometers, barometers, fluorescent lamps and also batteries.Additional Notes:Causes neurological and also kidney damage and also blindness. Also associated with birth defects. Really damaging to aquatic life. That is uncovered in paint, batteries, thermometers, electrical equipment, fluorescent lights and also plastics. Also used in gold mining industry. Batteries account because that 88% that the mercury content in municipal heavy waste.

Mercury Menu

Mercury web page OneOverview the MercuryMercury"s surname in other LanguagesAtomic framework of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical nature of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesMercury web page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds of Mercury


A list of referral sources supplied to translate into the data detailed on our periodic table of aspects can be uncovered on the key periodic table page.

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