WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE between A SWEET POTATO and also A YAM?
Several decades ago when orange meat sweet potato were presented in the southern UnitedStates producers and also shippers desired to differentiate them native the an ext traditional white fleshtypes. The afri word "nyami" introduce to the starchy, edible source of the Dioscorea genus of tree was embraced in that is English form, "yam". Yams in the U.S. Space actually sweet potato with fairly moist texture and orange flesh. Although the state are usually used interchangeably, the U.S. Room of farming requires that the label "yam" always be attach by "sweet potato." The complying with information outlines number of differences in between sweet potatoes and yams.
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Scientific name Ipomoea batatasDioscorea Species
Plant household Morning gloryCONVOLVULACEAEYamDIOSCOREACEAE
Chromosome number2n=90 (hexaploid)2n=20
Historical beginning (Peru, Ecuador)Prehistoric50,000 BC
Edible storage organStorage rootTuber
AppearanceSmooth, through thin skinRough, scaly skin
ShapeShort, blocky,tapered ends Long, cylindrical,some through "toes"
Beta carotene (Vitamin A)High (orange varieties) * very low
PropagationTransplants/vine cuttingsTuber pieces
Growing season90-150 days180-360 days
Climatic requirementsTropical and temperate Tropical
AvailabilityGrown in USAImported indigenous Caribbean
*Characteristic of most sweet potato ranges grown in the U.S.
The functional sweet potato is appropriate fare for the health - aware food consumer. With the ever-growing interest in health and natural foods, the sweet potato is quickly finding its place in the family weekly diet the year around. The sweet potato blends v herbs, spices and also flavorings developing delicious dishes of every types. From handle baby foodstuffs to the main dishes, casseroles, salads, breads and also desserts, sweet potatoes include valuable, appetizing nutrients and color to any kind of meal. together a main dish or prepared as a dessert, the sweet potato is a nutritious and economical food. One small sweet potato (3 1/2 ounce serving) provides over 8,800 IU that vitamin A or around twice the recommended day-to-day allowance, however it consists of only 141 calorie making it an important for the weight watcher. This nutritious vegetable provides 42 percent that the Recommended everyday Allowance (RDA) because that vitamin C, 6 percent of the RDA for calcium, 10 percent of the RDA because that iron, and 8 percent the the RDA for thiamine for healthy and balanced adults. The is low in sodium and is a good source the fiber and other necessary vitamins and also minerals. A complex carbohydrate food source, it gives beta carotene which may be a factor in reduce the danger of specific cancers.For the many food value, choose sweet potato of a deep orange color.When to buy sweet potatoes, pick sound, firm roots. Handle them carefully to preventbruising. Storage in a dry, unrefrigerated bin preserved at 55-60 levels F. Is best. Do NOT REFRIGERATE, because temperatures listed below 55 levels F. Will certainly chill this tropic vegetablegiving that a difficult core and also an undesirable taste as soon as cooked.Wash cured sweet potatoes and also bake or boil until slightly soft. If boiled, drain immediately. Thoroughly cool the small or boiled sweet potatoes. Plunder individually (skins left on) in freezer film or foil and place in plastic freezer bags. Seal, label and freeze.Most sweet potato dishes freeze well. Conserve time and energy by making a sweet potato food to serve and also one to keep in the freezer.Helpful Hints: bake a large pan the sweet potatoes at the exact same time. This conserves time and also energy. Frozen for later use or save the sweet potato in the refrigerator for 7 come 10 days.Freshly dug or uncured sweet potatoes are better boiled and also used in dishes the includefruits or syrups. The curing process makes the sweet potato sweeter and improves cook quality.Canned or frozen sweet potatoes might be substituted for the fresh type in any kind of recipe calling because that cooked sweet potatoes as the starting point. Box sweet potatoes are generallysmaller in diameter since of their much better canning qualities. Six to eight box sweetpotatoes are about the tantamount of four medium fresh sweet potatoes. One deserve to usethe measure relationship listed below as a guideline.
FreshCannedCooked & Mashed
2 mediumsweet potatoes3 come 41 1/4 cups
3 medium1 pound can2 cups
4 tool (23 ounces)3 quart cans2 l/2 cups
To minimize calories in her favorite sweet potato recipe, experiment with the cooking recipes by to reduce the street or fat by making use of the next reduced measure top top the measuring cup. For example,when a recipe calls for 1 cup of sugar or fat, alleviate the amount come 3/4 cup. For 3/4 cup, reduce it come 2/3 cup, and also so on.Sweet potatoes make an attractive residence plant. To flourish a sweet potato vine, use a jar through an opening that will support it. Ar the sweet potato in a jar of water through its narrow end down. Put the jug in a warm, dark place and also keep the seasoned filled with water. New roots willstart come grow, and also in around 10 days, the stem will start to grow. As quickly as this happens, placed the seasoned in a clear window. As the vine grows, it have the right to be left come trail or trained to climb.Sweet potatoes have the right to be baked, boiled, fried, broiled, canned or frozen. Lock can also be cooking in the microwave oven.Before food preparation sweet potatoes, scrub skin and also trim off any bruised or woody portions.If you space cutting calories, serve a plain sweet potato, cut down ~ above margarine or butter and also use skim milk or unsweetened orange juice as liquid when you prepare mashed sweetpotatoes.Remember, that is what you add to the sweet potato that rises calories. 1 small, baked in skin ...............................141 calories 3 1/2 ounces, candied................................168 calories 3 1/2 ounces, canned, syrup pack.........114 calories A freshly baked or boiled sweet potato is delicious and nutritious. You require only to add a pat of butter or offer it plain. Don"t feel that you must add high-calorie ingredient to do the sweet potato acceptable.Rub a tiny fat or oil over clean and also dry sweet potato of uniform size. Ar on baking sheet and also bake at 400 degrees F. Till soft, 30 to 50 minutes, depending upon size. Sweet potato that space greased before baking peel easily. Boiled Sweet Potatoes: fall clean sweet potatoes into enough boiling water come cover them. Sheathe pan and return water to boiling as conveniently as possible. Reduced heat and also cook until tender. Drain at once. Peel and season with butter and also salt come taste. Use 1 medium sweet potato per person. Boiled sweet potatoes deserve to be used for pies, cookies, casseroles, glazed, candied or frozen.Deep Fat French Fried Sweet Potatoes: Pare and also cut right into length-wise strips, around 1/2 customs thick. Warm oil in fryer to 365 degrees F. Save fry basket in fat as it heats.Raise basket and add enough sweet potato strips come cover bottom the basket. Reduced basketslowly into warm fat. If fat bubbles much, lift and also lower basket till bubbling subsides. Fry untilsweet potato strips room brown and tender. Remove from hot oil and drain onto paper towels. Sprinkle through salt, if desired. Spread out sweet potato on baking sheet and also place in a warmth oven when others are being cooked.Charcoal Broiled Sweet Potatoes: rub a small fat over clean sweet potato skins. Wrap double foil loosely around sweet potatoes. Cook in coals for around 45 minutes. Keep warmth on edge of grill.Skillet Sweet Potatoes: In large deep skillet, warmth 1 1/2 inch deep vegetable oil to 365 degrees F. Add sweet potato strips come cover bottom the skillet; fry 5 minutes or until brown and tender. Remove from hot oil and drain on file towels. Sprinkle through salt or powdered sugar.Microwave Sweet Potatoes: For ideal results, select uniform dimension sweet potatoes. Pierce wash sweet potatoes v a fork. Place on paper towel on shelf of microwave oven 1 customs apart. Revolve sweet potatoes over and also rearrange after fifty percent of food preparation time. Chef on HIGH power level. Food preparation time will vary, depending on the number of sweet potatoes.
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14 come 6
26 to 8
38 come 12
412 to 16
516 come 20
Sweet potatoes may still feeling firm as soon as done. Let stand 5 minutes to soften.Candied Sweet potato 6 medium sweet potato 1/2 cup sugar 1/4 cup water 3 tablespoons butter Scrub sweet potatoes thoroughly. Drop them in enough boiling salted water come cover sweet potatoes. Sheathe pan. Reduced heat and cook 15 come 20 minutes. Drain; peel sweet potatoes and also cut right into 1/2 customs slices. Put right into buttered baking dish. Integrate sugar, water and also butter. Boil 2-3 minutes, then pour over cooked, sliced sweet potatoes. Bake at 350 levels F. For around 30 minute or until lightly brown. Spoon syrup end sweet potatoes several times if baking. Lemon juice or lemon slices on optimal of sweet potato while baking will improve flavor and helpretain your bright color. Yield: 6 servings SWEET POTATO BUTTER2 Garlic clovesFreshly soil Pepper come taste 2 Sweet PotatoesFine Sea Salt come taste2 tool Carrots2 Tablespoons chopped Parsley 1/2 come 3/4 Cup vegetables broth2 Tablespoons chopped Cilantro (Optional)1 Tablespoon extra-virgin Olive OilPut unpeeled garlic cloves top top aluminum foil and also bake at 350 levels F. In oven or toaster range for around 10 minutes, till soft.Microwave or boil unpeeled potatoes till done. Peel carrots, reduced into big chunks and microwave or boil till soft.Drain carrots, peel potatoes and also put both in a food processor. Squeeze in the baked garlic. Include 1/2 cup broth and blend. With motor running, include oil and also keep blending, adding more broth untilpuree is relatively smooth and also full. Include salt and also pepper to taste. Dip deserve to be make as long as a day in advance, extended andrefrigerated. Lug to room temperature because that serving and stir in the optional herbs right beforeserving through raw vegetables and also bread sticks. Makes 6 servings.SWEET POTATO PECAN PIE (Makes one 9-inch pie)1 (9 - inch) unbaked pastry shell1 lb (2 medium) sweet potatoes (yams!), cooked and also peeled1/4 cup margarine or butter1 (14 - ounce) have the right to Eagle Brand Sweetened Condensed Milk, (NOT evaporated milk)1 tespoon grated orange rind1 tespoon vanilla extract1 teaspoon floor cinnamonteaspoon floor nutmeg1/4 teaspoon salt2 eggsPecan ToppingPreheat stove to 350 degrees F. In big mixer bowl, beat hot sweet potatoes with margarine till smooth. Add remaining ingredients except pastry shell and also Pecan Topping; mix well. Pour right into pastry shell. Roasted 30 minutes. Remove from oven; spoon Pecan Topping evenly over top. Roasted 20 come 25 minutes much longer or until gold brown. Cool. Serve warmth or chilled. Refrigerate leftovers.Pecan Topping: In small mixer bowl, combine 1 egg, 3 tablespoons dark corn syrup, 3 tablespoons steady packed light brown sugar, 1 tablespoon margarine or butter, melted, and also teaspoon maple flavoring; mix well. Row in 1 cup chopped pecans.