The national Fire protection Association (NFPA) standard 1906, typical for Automotive Fire Apparatus, as well as theNWCG requirements for Wildland Fire source Typingclassifies vehicles by form and function. The requirements mandate that every fire truck ‘type’ is draft with specific components and features and also must carry certain gear.

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Why is this important, you may wonder?

It guarantee that local terminology go not weaken prompt rescue support and resources. What may be dubbed a “brush truck” in one community is a “wildland truck” in another. The creation of global fire van standards and terminology means that a fire department have the right to request assistance for a certain engine type, discovering that the carries the required devices for the emergency. Together a result, fire department can accordingly manage mutual assist and know precisely what type of support they are acquiring for every emergency call.

Learn more about every type of fire truck below and also find the end the distinguishing qualities that make each van unique.

Type 1 Fire Engine

A kind 1 fire truck, often referred to together an engine company, engine pumper or structural firefighting truck, is the many common kind of fire truck in usage today.

Type 1 fire trucks space purposefully designed to support urban, rural and also suburban departments due to the fact that they carry all of the compelled NFPAfirefighting equipment. These versatile vehicles are often the first on scene due to the fact that they assistance both structural firefighting and initial Emergency Medical organization (EMS) response.

Every form 1 van is required to have actually a pump v a minimum tank dimension of 300 gallons, although most type 1 trucks feature a 400- to 500-gallon water tank. Additionally, the truck have to offer a minimum of 1000 Gallons per Minute (GPM) that water transfer.

Following the criter ofNFPA, kind 1 trucks space equipped at a minimum v a 2 ½ inch and also 1 ½ customs thick hoses of varying lengths.

In addition, these trucks must incorporate a full match of floor ladders, nozzles, forcible entry equipment, rear accessibility and egress, some level of an initial aid equipment and other distinct items depending on the neighborhood jurisdiction. Some examples include self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), chainsaws, complete EMS gear, hazmat equipment, progressed life support (ALS) devices and extr structural or ballistic gear as needed. Typically, form 1 fire trucks room designed to lug 3 to 4 firefighters.

A fire truck manufacturer can work with your fire department to design and also configure a form 1 engine to satisfy your community"s distinct needs.

Take a look in ~ some current deliveries of type 1 fire trucks.

Type 2 Fire Engine

A type 2 fire truck features countless of the exact same specifications and tools the the type 1 fire truck. Kind 2 trucks room not as common in fire departments, yet they room versatile van that space often uncovered in urban and suburban applications performing auto accident and also rescue solution as a an initial response unit or heavy rescue engine.

Type 2 trucks might be ideal for a fire department trying to find a much more compact rescue engine, wet rescue or heavy-duty rescue featuring a smaller water tank and also pump, but with warehouse capabilities that have the right to still host a the majority of equipment. A type 2 truck is an ideal fire truck to arrive on scene first to start fire extinguishing work until much more support arrives.

Much like a type 1 engine, a kind 2 engine typically carries 3 or 4 firefighters. It has a lot of basic firefighting gear and tools, prefer SCBAs, circular saws, as well as many different varieties of committed equipment.

Take a look in ~ various kind 2 truck configurations now.

Type 3 Fire Engine


A type 3 fire truck is often referred to as a wildland fire truck. Generally used in rural and wildland settings, a kind 3 truck contains several distinct design and configuration details to enhance the terrain that services.

Wildland fire trucks typically sit on a commercial 4x4 chassis and can be provided as wildland urban interface vehicles. They are designed to it is in sleek and maneuverable v the capability to regulate off-road and also variable terrain. Kind 3 trucks are often responding come wildfires and also must be able to get as close come the fire as feasible while maintaining both stability and also vehicle control. The Gross vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is often an ext than 26,000 lbs. And the auto must be equipped to lug at least 3 passengers.

NFPA standards call for a type 3 engine to have a minimum of a 500-gallon water tank and also a pump qualified of a minimum the 150 us gallons every minute at a push of 250 pounds every square inch.

Type 3 trucks deserve to be equipped v a power-take-off (PTO) pump. A PTO pump is designed so that a auto can stay in movement while fighting fire simultaneously.

Many kind 3 trucks also feature an assistant pump in addition to the key water pump configured on a truck. The auxiliary pump have the right to be it is provided by a different diesel engine the is associated to the pump, or a hydraulic auxiliary pump have the right to be powered by second PTO hydraulic circuit with its very own pressure governor. This pump-and-roll technique means that a van operator deserve to drive the van while crew members guy the pump and hoses walking next to the relocating vehicle. This is critically vital to enable firefighters come follow along as woodland fires and also brush fires relocate with the weather, and also to create fire lines, wetting down locations ahead of an progressing wildfire.

Here’s a closer watch at few of the features of a form 3 van or view several of our recent deliveries.

Type 4 Fire Engine

A form 4 fire van is very comparable to a form 3 but with a bigger water tank and reduced hose capacity requirements.

According to NFPA standards, form 4 fire van must lug 2 people and also feature a 750-gallon water tank that offers 50 united state gallons every minute of water transfer at a push of 100 pounds every square inch. The bigger water tank way that a form 4 truck frequently has lower rated pump potential and includes less hose than a form 3 fire truck.

Type 4 trucks are often used in wildland firefighting, yet with a 4-wheel drive chassis and a big water tank these vehicles deserve to be provided for emergency response.

Type 5, form 6 and form 7 Fire Engine

Type 5, type 6 and kind 7 fire trucks are frequently grouped together due to the fact that they feature numerous of the same design qualities. These vehicles are typically pick-up truck-based v 4-wheel drive on a tool duty-chassis. The main difference between kind 5, form 6 and form 7 fire trucks is the difference in their maximum GVWR.

Type 5 fire engines have actually a maximum GVWR of 26000 lbs.Type 6 fire engines have a preferably GVWR the 19,500 lbs.Type 7 fire engines have a best GVWR the 14,000 lbs.

Type 5, 6 and also 7 fire trucks are supplied in various ways relying on a fire department’s needs. For example, some trucks are provided as a fire solution unit and include a little EMS an answer kit, while various other vehicles room equipped through a water tank and water pump and can administer water suppression resources before larger rigs come on the scene. This construction is common in wildland environments, whereby they are frequently referred to together mini pumpers or brush trucks. As soon as equipped v water suppression capabilities type 5, 6 and also 7 trucks typically bring a 300-gallon water tank and a small booster pump with a minimum volume of 50 gallons every minute.

Here is review of the NFPA van standards:

Engine inputting Standard
Types 1 and also 2 room structure; species 3-7 are wildland
RequirementsType 1Type 2Type 3Type 4Type 5Type 6Type 7
Tank Minimum capacity (gal)30030050075040015050
Pump Minimum flow (gal/min)1,00050015050505010
At Rated pressure (psi)150150250100100100100
Hose: 2 1/2-inch1,2001,000N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Hose: 1 1/2-inch5005001,000300300300N/A
Hose: 1-inchN/AN/A500300300300200
Ladders per NFPA 1901YesYesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Master present 500 gal/min.YesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Pump and also RollN/AN/AYesYesYesYesYes
Maximum GVWR (lb)N/AN/AN/AN/A26,00019,50014,000
Personnel (minimum)4332222

N/A = not ApplicableNFPA = nationwide Fire defense AssociationGVWR = Gross car Weight RatingNotes:1. All types shall fulfill federal, state and firm requirements for motor automobile safety standards, consisting of all gross car weight ratings when totally loaded.2. Kind 3 engines and also tactical water tenders shall be equipped v a foam proportioner system.3. All water tenders and engine varieties 3 v 6 shall be able to prime and also pump water from a 10 foot lift.

The development of fire truck species and requirements has actually been an invaluable enhancement to NFPA standards, offering fire departments v a universal language to assist improve mutual help and firefighting support.

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Regardless of the form of van required, Pierce manufacturing can assist support the concept, design and configuration of a custom apparatus to satisfy your fire department’s distinct needs.

Do you have questions about the varieties of trucks and how they are designed and also manufactured? permit us understand in the comments!