Take a look in ~ the picture below. Each of those colored balls is one electron. In an atom, the electrons spin around the center, likewise called the nucleus. The electrons prefer to it is in in separate shells/orbitals. Covering number one deserve to only organize 2 electrons, covering two deserve to hold 8, and also for the first eighteen elements shell three deserve to hold a maximum of eight electrons. As you learn about elements with more than eighteen electrons you will uncover that shell three deserve to hold an ext than eight. When one shell is full, the next electron the is added has to relocate to the following shell.So... Because that the aspect of CARBON, you already know the the atomic number tells you the variety of electrons. That method there room 6 electrons in a carbon atom. Looking at the picture, you deserve to see there are two electrons in shell one and also four electron in covering two.

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► an ext about the history and locations to find carbon.► Next facet of the routine table.
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Carbon DioxideThis is a carbon dioxide molecule. As soon as you breathe out, you generally breathe the end carbon dioxide. Through the formula CO2 that way there space two oxygen (O) atoms and one carbon (C) atom. If girlfriend look carefully at the period structure, you"ll watch that they share 4 electrons each. If a shortcut shares 2 electrons that method it is a single bond. If a link is consisted of of 4 electrons the is a twin bond. That means that the carbon atom has two double bonds, one through each oxygen atom.
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Cyanogen ChlorideHere"s other new! We have actually three different elements here, carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and chlorine (Cl). That"s not special, but the means they integrate is! Look in ~ the carbon and also the nitrogen, they room sharing 6 electrons!When 2 atoms share 2 electrons, that"s a solitary bond. If castle share 4 it"s a twin bond. Fine these two space sharing six, that"s a triple bond. It"s extremely solid and powerful. It would take a many work to separate the C and also the N!One much more thing! because the bond in between carbon and nitrogen is so strong, scientists contact them "cyanogen" rather of carbon-nitrogen. Scientists understand that cyanogen is always CN.

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Beryllium CarbideTwo beryllium (Be) atoms are able to bond with one carbon (C) atom to produce Be2C. The beryllium atom let the carbon usage their electrons so that the carbon is "happy". Each beryllium provides up both the its 2 extra electron to the carbon. Take it a look and see how every one of the electrons room shared.
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