209 enduring church cantatas, dozens of concertos, countless organ preludes and fugues. And also 20 children. J.S. Bach to be a very busy man.
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Johann Sebastian Bach, with his wives Maria Barbara (m. 1707–1720) and also Anna Magdalena(m. 1721–1750),fathered 20 kids over his lifetime. His very first was born in 1708 as soon as Bach was 23, v his critical coming right into the civilization in 1742, once the composer was 57. Sadly, only ten endured through to adulthood.
The Bachs were constantly a musical family with a house complete of instruments – and Johann Sebastian was constantly keen to compose pieces because that his wife, children and the ar they lived in.
Here castle are, in bespeak of your birth. It"s a lengthy list – there"s a many musical talent, plenty of fascinating stories, and tragedies for the household as well...
1. Catharina Dorothea Bach (1708 – 1774)
Bach"s first born child. Creating wasn"t an alternative for ladies in those days yet Catharina excelled together a singer and also often assisted her father v his work.
2. Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (1710 - 1784)
J.S. Bach"s eldest son with his very first wife, Maria Barbara. Wilhelm complied with in his father"s footsteps and became a composer. J.S. Bach even wrote Wilhelm a graded food of keyboard studies, referred to as the Klavierbüchlein für Wilhelm Friedemann Bach. Many thanks to his extensive musical training, Wilhelm walk on to become an organist and also taught none other than Johann Gottlieb Goldberg, the guy whose name is immortalised in the good Goldberg Variations.
3 & 4. Johann Christoph Bach and also Maria Sophia Bach (Born and also died in 1713)
J.S. Bach"s 3rd and 4th children, twins, to be born on 23 February 1713 once Bach was 28. Johann Christoph live no much longer than a couple of hours after ~ his birth, and his sister died a couple of weeks later, roughly the 13 march 1713.
5. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714 - 1788)
Arguably the many gifted the J.S. Bach’s offspring, C.P.E. Bach to be a very original composer of symphonies, keyboard and choral music. Structure on the Baroque training the learned together a boy, he became one the the foremost clavier players in Europe (after researching for a degree in law). His Essay on the True art of key-board Playing developed him as the leading key-board teacher that the time. He formed a music bridge in between the Baroque and also Classical eras. “He is the father, we room the children,” Mozart claimed of C.P.E. Bach.
C.P.E. Bach’s position as court musician come Frederick the good also included the task of giving accompaniment on the key-board for the king’s flute solos. Frederick believed himself to be a much better flautist than he was and also often took liberties v the tempo. In ~ the end of one royal performance, a delighted sycophant exclaimed, “Your Majesty, what rhythm!” C.P.E. Bach is said to have actually muttered under his breath, “What rhythms!”
6. Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach (1715 - 1739)
Johann Gottfried was born on 11 may 1715 and, together was the situation with his brothers, walk on to become a skilled musician. Unlike them, however, the didn"t have actually the possibility to walk to university, and secretly abandoned his musical job in bespeak to examine law. He died at the tender period of 24.
7. Leopold Augustus Bach (1718 - 1719)
Born ~ above 15 November, Bach"s seventh boy lived for ten quick months, and was buried on 29 September 1719. His godfather, a prince, also named Leopold, work Bach as Kapellmeister between 1717 and 1723.
8. Christina Sophia Henrietta (1723 - 1726)
After Bach"s mam Maria Barbara died, the went on come marry Anna Magdalena Wilcke. Their an initial daughter to be born in 1723, the very same year Bach signed a contract to come to be the Thomaskantor in Leipzig, yet died three years later.
9. Gottfried Heinrich Bach (1724 - 1763)
It"s believed Gottfried was mildly holy spirit handicapped in some way, indications of which to be picked up from an early age. Luckily he had actually plenty of donate siblings: C.P.E. Bach claimed his younger brother proved a "great genius, i m sorry failed come develop".
10. Christian Gottlieb Bach (1725 - 1728)
Another tragically short-lived son, Christian Gottlieb only survived three years. He passed away on 21 September 1728.
11. Elisabeth Juliana Friederica (1726 - 1781)
1726 clues a year that joy and also tragedy for the Bach family members – just two month after Elisabeth was born, she elder sister Christiana died at the age of three. Elisabeth, however, survived right into adulthood, and went on to marry among her father"s pupils, German organist Johann Christoph Altnikol.
12. Ernestus Andreas Bach (Born and also died in 1727)
13. Regina Johanna Bach (1728 - 1733)
14. Christiana Benedicta Louise (Born and also died in 1730)
15. Christiana Dorothea Bach (1731 - 1732)
Very tiny is known around these four young Bachs who died in childhood.
16. Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach (1732 - 1795)
After a duration of tragedy, Bach"s ninth son to be born: the confusingly named Johann Christoph Bach, no to be confused with Bach"s an initial cousin once removed, Bach"s uncle and also Bach"s eldest brother… additionally all called Johann Christoph. Less confusingly, he"s frequently referred to together the "Bückeburg Bach", called after a town in lower Saxony wherein he played the harpsichord professionally. Prefer so numerous of the Bach brothers prior to him, he was a prodigious classical composer, who wrote pieces heavily influenced by the fashion for Italian music. He also visited London and had a couple of works published, but little of his music survives today.
His eldest son, Wilhelm Friedrich ernst Bach (1759 – 1845) to be the only grandson that J.S. Bach to gain fame together a composer. He to be music director to Frederick william II that Prussia. "Heredity deserve to tend to run out the ideas," that said.
17. Johann august Abraham Bach (Born and also died in 1733)
Young Johann August just survived at some point after his baptism ~ above 5 November.
18. Johann Christian Bach (1735 - 1782)
Known together the "English Bach", J.C. Bach travelled to Italy and converted to roman Catholicism, before settling in London in the company of Queen Charlotte, thus his nickname "The London Bach". He ended up being a well-known timeless composer, and an influence on Mozart"s concertos. J.C. Composed cantatas, orchestral works, key-board music, operas and also symphonies, i beg your pardon sounded very different in style from his father"s Baroque works. J.S. Bach was already 50 as soon as J.C. To be born, and also musical styles of the time were growing increasingly "classical".
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19. Johanna Carolina Bach (1737 - 1781)
20. Regina Susanna Bach (1742 - 1809)
Bach"s 19th and 20th children, both daughters, endured well into their adulthood, back neither ever married. While small is known about Johanna, Regina was acquainted v Beethoven; he even asked for proceeds indigenous the premiere of his Symphony No. 3 to be donated come her. In spite of collections being made in honour the her famous father, she died in poverty.