Bromine

aspect 35 of periodic table is Bromine through atomic number 35, atomic load 79.904. Bromine, prize Br, has a Base focused Orthorhombic structure and Red color. Bromine is a halogens element. Trivial name of Bromine is halogens*. Understand everything about Bromine Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Bromine (from old Greek:βρῶμος, brómos, an interpretation "stench") is a chemical aspect with symbol Br, and atomic number 35. The is a halogen. The facet was isolated individually by 2 chemists, Carl Jacob Löwig and also Antoine Jerome Balard, in 1825–1826.

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Bromine Facts

Read an essential information and also facts around element Bromine

surname Bromine
atom Number 35
atomic Symbol Br
Atomic load 79.904
phase Liquid
color Red
Classification halogens
group in routine Table 17
Group Name fluorine family
duration in periodic Table 4
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3d10 4s2 4p5
Melting allude -7.3 °C
Boiling allude 59 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 7>
CAS Number CAS7726-95-6

How to locate Bromine on routine Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is same as variety of electrons. The atom number boosts from left come right. Regular table starts at top left ( atom number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look because that atomic number 35 to find Bromine on regular table.

Another method to read regular table and locate an aspect is through using group number (column) and duration number (row). To find Bromine on routine table look for cross section of group 17 and period 4 in the modern-day periodic table.

explore Interactive regular Table come Understand and Learn Cool patterns

Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Bromine with various other elements

Bromine History

The aspect Bromine was discovered by Antoine Jérôme Balard in year 1826 in France . Bromine acquired its surname from the Greek bromos, definition "stench"

Bromine Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table listed below shows the variety of Bromine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in world 7×10-7%
diversity in sun N/A
abundance in Meteorites 1.2e-06
Abundance in Earth"s late 3e-06
variety in seas 6.7e-05
variety in human beings 2.9e-06

Crystal framework of Bromine

The heavy state structure of Bromine is Base centered Orthorhombic.

The decision structure deserve to be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in 3 dimensional an are to form the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
672.65 464.51 870.23 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a reference lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are described by the principle of space groups. All possible symmetric kinds of particles in three-dimensional room are explained by the 230 space groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

room Group surname Cmca
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room Group Number 64
Crystal framework Base focused Orthorhombic

Bromine Atomic and Orbital Properties

Bromine atoms have actually 35 electrons and the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 7> with Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.


atom Number 35
Number of electron (with no charge) 35
Number the Protons 35
Mass Number 80
Number of Neutrons 45
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 7>
Electron configuration 3d10 4s2 4p5
Valence Electrons 4s2 4p5
Oxidation State -1 1;3;4;5;7
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2

Shell structure of Bromine - electrons per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration that Bromine - neutral Bromine atom

The soil state electronic configuration of Neutral Bromine atom is 3d10 4s2 4p5. The portion of Bromine configuration the is tantamount to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with numerous electrons, this notation deserve to become lengthy and for this reason an abbreviated notation is used.This is necessary as that is the Valence electron 3d10 4s2 4p5, electron in the outermost shell that recognize the chemistry properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration the neutral Bromine

Complete floor state digital configuration because that the Bromine atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p5

Atomic framework of Bromine

Bromine atomic radius is 94 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 114 pm.

atomic Radius

94 afternoon (0.94 Å)

Atomic Volume 25.6102564103 cm3
Covalent Radius 114 afternoon (1.14 Å)
van der Waals Radius 185 pm
ghost Cross section 6.8 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Bromine

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Bromine chemistry Properties: Bromine Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity of Bromine is 324.6 kJ/mol

Valence 5
Electronegativity 2.96
ElectronAffinity 324.6 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Bromine

Refer to table below for Ionization energies that Bromine

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1139.9
2 2103
3 3470
4 4560
5 5760
6 8550
7 9940
8 1.86×104

Bromine physics Properties

Refer to below table because that Bromine physical Properties

thickness 3.12 g/cm3
Molar Volume 25.6102564103 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus 1.9 GPa
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness that Bromine - exam to measure of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Bromine electric Properties

Bromine is Insulator that electricity. Refer to table below for the electrical properties of Bromine

electric Conductivity 1×10-10 S/m
Resistivity 1×1010 m Ω
Superconducting suggest N/A

Bromine Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 0.12 W/(m K)
Thermal development N/A

Bromine Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie allude N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility -4.9×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -7.83×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.53e-05

Optical nature of Bromine

Refractive table of contents 1.001132

Acoustic nature of Bromine

speed of Sound N/A

Bromine heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties that Bromine

Melting point 265.8 K (-7.3 °C)
Boiling allude 332 K (59 °C)
an important Temperature 588 K
Superconducting suggest N/A

Enthalpies the Bromine

warmth of combination 5.8 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 14.8 kJ/mol
warm of burning N/A

Bromine isotopes - nuclear Properties the Bromine

Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally emerging Bromine has 2 steady isotope - 79Br, 81Br.


Isotope Isotope mass % abundance T half Decay mode
67Br
68Br
69Br
70Br
71Br
72Br
73Br
74Br
75Br
76Br
77Br
78Br
79Br 50.69% secure N/A
80Br
81Br 49.31% secure N/A
82Br
83Br
84Br
85Br
86Br
87Br
88Br
89Br
90Br
91Br
92Br
93Br
94Br
95Br
96Br
97Br

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7726-95-6
RTECS Number RTECSEF9100000
period Hazard class 8
dot Numbers 1744
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA dangers Oxidizing Agent
NFPA health and wellness Rating 3
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint -18 °C

Database Search

perform of unique identifiers to search the facet in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts service (CAS) CAS7726-95-6
CID Number CID24408
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSEF9100000

Compare Bromine through all Group 17 elements

Bromine vs Fluorine Bromine vs Chlorine Bromine vs Iodine Bromine vs Astatine Bromine vs Tennessine

Compare Bromine v all halogens elements

Bromine vs Fluorine Bromine vs Chlorine Bromine vs Iodine Bromine vs Astatine Bromine vs Tennessine