Water can take numerous forms. At low temperatures (below (0^ exto extC)), the is a solid. As soon as at "normal" temperatures (between (0^ exto extC) and also (100^ exto extC)), that is a liquid. While in ~ temperatures above (100^ exto extC), water is a gas (steam). The state thatwater is in relies upon the temperature. Each state has its very own unique set of physics properties. Matter frequently exists in among three states: solid, liquid, or gas.

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Plasma: A fourth State that Matter

Technically speaking, a fourth state the matter dubbed plasma exists, but it does not naturally take place on earth, so we will omit the from our examine here.

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If the particles of a substance have enough power to partially get over intermolecular interactions, then the particles deserve to move around each other while continuing to be in contact. This explains the liquid state. In a liquid, the particles are still in nearby contact, so liquids have a definite volume. However, since the particles have the right to move around each various other rather freely, a liquid has actually no definite shape and also takes a shape dictated through its container.

Liquids have the following characteristics:

No definite shape (takes the shape of the container). Has actually definite volume. Corpuscle are cost-free to move over each other, but are still attractive to every other.

A familiar liquid is mercury metal. Mercury is an anomaly. It is the only metal we understand of that is fluid at room temperature. Mercury additionally has an capacity to stick to itself (surface tension)—a building that all liquids exhibit. Mercury has actually a relatively high surface tension, which makes it very unique. Below you see mercury in its common liquid form.

Example (PageIndex1)

What state or claims of matter does each statement, describe?

This state has actually a identify volume, however no definite shape. This state has actually no definite volume. This state permits the individual particles to move about while remaining in contact.

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This statement defines the liquid state. This statement explains the gas state. This statement defines the liquid state.

Exercise (PageIndex1)