n. (1)the research of malformations or severe deviations from the normal form in organisms(2)"study the marvels and also monsters," 1678, from comb. Form of Gk. Teras (gen. Teratos) "marvel, monster" + -logy.
You are watching: Difference between a shank and a shiv
What is the difference between a "shiv" and also a "shank?" Also, deserve to you be "shanked with a shiv" or "shivved with a shank?" great questions indeed...
First to consider is definition. The world English Dictionary defines a shiv as both a noun (“a knife”) and a verb (“to stab (someone)”). The WED walk on to suggest that the term has origins in Romany language (Romany introduce to gypsies from an ar in and around Romania/Moldova). More modern provenance that the hatchet “shiv,” certain to the use as prison slang, is disputed. In regards to improvised weapons, one derivation because that the an interpretation might have actually originated together an acronym standing because that “Self-Honed-Instrument-of-Violence (SHIV). This seems extremely possible, as code-words are regularly used in a prison atmosphere as to prevent discovery of nefarious plots by corrections Officers. One more plausible beginning lies v 20th century English thieves’ term “chive”or maybe some cockney slang that the period.
The ax shank, on the various other hand, has more traditional roots in the English language (one acquired from the German shanke
In contemporary slang, the two space most regularly used interchangeably, in lot the same way that the nouns “cemetery” and “graveyard”are supplied to describea location of rest for the dead. The amalgamated beginnings behind the usage of the hatchet “shiv”, combined with a verbal advancement which freely alternates in between the two has actually led come a wholly confused usage in the contemporary American dialect.
Despite the seemingly interchangeable interchangeable properties the the terms, the heart of their differences lies in the definitions. A “shiv” is defined as a knife. A knife, in turn, is identified as “an instrument because that cutting, consisting essentially of a thin, sharp-edged, metal blade fitted with a handle.” Thus, with transitive logic, a shiv is an tool designed for cutting or slicing in the exact same fashion as a knife.
Given the previous summary of items pertained to the noun “shank”(those being items which taper from large to small), it i do not care clear the the noun “shank” much more specifically refers to an elongated items which tapers come a suggest and is hence is primarily used because that stabbing.
Similarly, the verb “to shiv” converts as “to slice” or “to knife”while the verb “to shank” correlates with “to stab.”
While maybe acceptable in typical speech, in suitable grammar the 2 are completely different. Just like “cemetery”and “graveyard,” their differences are pronounced sufficient so regarding derive a clean delineation between the two (A graveyard traditionally describes an area surrounding a church or location of worship whereby the dead were buried, if a cemetery was on a separate tract of land, often in a rural or diverted area different from the living population.
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The oft-erroneous Wikipedia has only added to the muddling of meanings by explicate a shiv together “a crudely made homemade knife the end of everyday materials, specifically prevalent in prisons amongst inmates. An alternative name in part prisons is Shank.” Likewise, Urban dictionary confuses the two by claiming that each tool is defined by the product from which the is fashioned, the “a shiv is typically made of wood, plastic or glass,” while a shank is “a homemade knife do of metal.”
As we have actually seen,both meanings arewholly erroneous; each weapon is identified by the shape and thusly its an approach of attack, which way that either deserve to be made from any resource material, offered that it’s end result is one of two people slicing or stabbing. A shard the glass, however it is broken off, might role to either part or stab, if a piece of wood many easily might be fashioned into a stabbing shank. Depending upon its original shape and also thickness, metal deserve to be made right into either.
At this point, v a clear delineation having actually been made between the two, the conversation is not ended, because that at the love of this matter lies this question: have the verbs come to be as openly interchangeable together the nouns in the popular lexicon? Indeed, deserve to one it is in “shanked through a shiv?,” and also conversely, can one be “shivved v a shank?” possibly both? probably neither?
In all previously mentioned cases the prize is technically yes. However, in order for such as statement come be thought about grammatically correct, claimed weapon would need to be offered in a manner either improper or counter to its plan design. A shank is meant for shanking; a shiv is meant for shivving. As an example to much better demonstrate the oddity ofthe confusion, switching verbs would beakin tosaying the someone to be knifed v a spoon, or spooned with a knife. While both are technically possible, lock are likewise two completely separate plot (and likewise occurrences not most likely to take place in reality), and probably no what the speak intended to mean.
In regards to the probability of one or the other, think about this: a knife is an edged weapon; the consist of of a point, when a usual occurrence, is not forced to satisfy the an interpretation of the term, and also the same should host true for shiv (consider the butter knife - slices v butter, but with a rounded guideline ). While the addition of a point to the tip of a shiv might be advantageous, that is not vital for the perform to accomplish its defined role as a slicing weapon .
Likewise, a shank, being mostly a stabbing weapon, would most most likely not encompass the added role of a sharpened edge. If such added refinement could heighten it’s utility as a weapon, it should be remembered the it is most often an improvised weapon produced under specific constraints i beg your pardon to no lend themselves to unnecessary (and time-consuming) modifications. The shiv suffers from these exact same limitations.
Furthermore, one would carry out well to take into consideration such changes in regards to individual production time. Together both weaponsare supposed to be1.) quickly concealable and 2.) effectively sharp, traditionally many arelong and also thin. But it is far easier, in state of surface ar area, to record the end of a shiv into a serviceably sharp allude than it would certainly be to paper the size of a shank right into a serviceably spicy blade. Even without intentional changes it seems an ext likely the a shiv would normally be skinny to have a point capable that inflicting far-ranging damage when a shank would most likely not have an leaf sharp enough to inflict together much damage as it’s refined point.
Therefore it would stand to reason that that the two, the knife-like shiv would be more prone to it is in misused to stab/shank a person, as opposed to a sharp shank gift misused to slice/cut/shiv one opponent. Thus, you would certainly be an ext likely to be “shanked with a shiv” 보다 “shivved through a shank.”