CAB is one acronym provided in CPR training. The stands for Compressions, AirwayBreathing and also is teach on American heart Association (AHA) CPR courses.

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The CAB acronym is design to emphasise the prominence of quality chest compressions end the distribution of rescue breaths. Chest compressions space the most vital component that adult CPR.


The most necessary component the CPR is note high quality chest compressions. Chest compressions need to be ceded over the center of the chest (sternum) in ~ a rate of 100 – 120 compressions per minute.


Each chest compression should be 5 – 6cm deep and also the chest wall surface should recoil completely after every compression.

Chest compressions manually pump blood roughly the body and also ensure the mind receives a it is provided of blood.


Once 30 chest compressions have actually been yielded then attempt to open the airway through performing a head tilt chin lift. The photo listed below demonstrates this technique.


This manoeuvre moves the base of the tongue far from the earlier of the throat and also helps maintain an open airway.


If trained, you deserve to deliver two rescue breaths after each set of 30 chest compressions (giving a ratio of 30:2). To provide rescue breaths you have to make a seal end the victims mouth and also pinch their nose. Each breath must take around a second.

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